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Connected and Ubiquitous: a Discussion of Two Theories That Impact Future Learning Applications


Mobile media break down traditional barriers that have defined learning in schools because they enable constant, personalized access to media. This information-rich environment could dramatically expand learning opportunities. This article identifies and discusses two instructional design theories for mobile learning including the major differences between those theories and other online instructional design theories. It also presents a detailed argument for the use of mobile learning in a particular case study.

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Correspondence to Richard A. Bair.

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Bair, R.A., Stafford, T. Connected and Ubiquitous: a Discussion of Two Theories That Impact Future Learning Applications. TechTrends 60, 129–135 (2016).

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  • Connectivism
  • Instructional design theory
  • m-learning
  • Mobile learning
  • Ubiquitous learning