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Oud-leerling versus ancien élève: A Comparative Study of Adjectives Grammaticalizing into Prefixes in Dutch and French

Abstract

This article analyzes the grammaticalization of adjectives into prefixes in Dutch and French. In the first part, the notion of ‘affixoids’, hybrid elements that combine properties of free lexemes and bound morphemes, will be defined and illustrated. It will be claimed that affixoids can be seen as a result of a grammaticalization process for which we will advance phonological, morphological, semantic and distributional parameters applying to the evolution of adjectives into prefixes. The second part will be devoted to a specific case study in which these grammaticalization parameters will be applied to the Dutch adjectives oud ‘old’ and nieuw ‘new’ and their French counterparts ancien ‘old’ and nouveau ‘new’ when used in word-formation. More particularly, we will examine whether these adjectives may develop prefix-like properties when embedded in a compound structure and determine their degree of grammaticalization.

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Correspondence to Kristel Van Goethem.

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Kristel Van Goethem is a Postdoctoral fellow of the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO)

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Van Goethem, K. Oud-leerling versus ancien élève: A Comparative Study of Adjectives Grammaticalizing into Prefixes in Dutch and French. Morphology 18, 27–49 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11525-008-9121-6

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Keywords

  • Grammaticalization
  • Compounding
  • Derivation
  • Affixoids
  • Adjectives
  • French/Dutch