Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp 400–406 | Cite as

Behavior- and Partner-Based HIV Risk Perception and Sexual Risk Behaviors in Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) Who Use Geosocial-Networking Smartphone Applications in New York City

  • William C. GoedelEmail author
  • Perry N. Halkitis
  • Dustin T. Duncan


Men who have sex with men (MSM) in the USA continue to be impacted disproportionately by HIV. MSM represent only 2 % of the male population in the USA, yet comprised 66.7 % of all new HIV infections diagnosed in 2014.1 As of 2014, there were an estimated 119,550 people living with HIV in New York City, where 72.6 % were male and 2718 new HIV diagnoses, where 80.7 % were male. In New York City, MSM represent 53.3 % of all males living with HIV and 73.8 % of all new HIV diagnoses among males.2

HIV is transmitted predominantly through sexual activity and its spread from individual to individual is affected by choices of partners, sexual behaviors, and condom use. Sexually active persons can reduce their risks of acquiring HIV by choosing a partner who has recently tested negative for HIV, by choosing sexual behaviors that are less likely to transmit HIV infection, and by choosing to use condoms or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). In gauging risk, MSM often make assumptions...


Sexual Behavior Risk Perception Anal Intercourse Potential Partner Body Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Dr. Mark L. Hatzenbuehler and an anonymous reviewer for commenting on an earlier version of this manuscript. The study presented in this manuscript was funded by an individual research grant from the New York University College of Arts and Science Dean’s Undergraduate Research Fund (PI: William C. Goedel). Dr. Dustin T. Duncan was supported by his New York University School of Medicine Start-Up Research Fund to work on this project.


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Population, School of MedicineNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.College of Global Public HealthNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Sociology, College of Arts and ScienceNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Center for Health, Identity, Behavior, and Prevention StudiesNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, College of NursingNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Population Center, College of Arts and ScienceNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  7. 7.Center for Data ScienceNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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