Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 90, Issue 2, pp 329–342 | Cite as

Perceived Parent Financial Burden and Asthma Outcomes in Low-Income, Urban Children

  • Minal R. Patel
  • Randall W. Brown
  • Noreen M. Clark


The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic characteristics of low-income parents who perceive financial burden in managing their child’s asthma and related associations with their children’s asthma outcomes and clinical characteristics. We hypothesized that (1) identifiable differences between parents who do and do not report burden; (2) regardless of access to care, asthma outcomes would be worse for children whose parents perceive financial burden in obtaining care for their child’s condition. Baseline data from a randomized trial evaluating the effect of a school-based asthma intervention were analyzed for this research. Eight hundred thirty-five parents were interviewed by telephone regarding their child’s asthma management. Associations between demographic and clinical factors and perception of financial burden were examined using bivariate analysis. Multivariate regression analyses were used to examine associations between perceptions of financial burden and asthma outcomes, including emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and missed school days. Perceived financial burden was evident in 10 % (n = 79) of parents. Female heads of household (χ 2 (3) = 7.41; p < 0.05), those at the lowest income levels (χ 2 (3) = 12.14; p < 0.01), and those whose child’s asthma was poorly controlled (χ 2 (2) = 49.42; p < 0.001) were most likely to perceive financial burden. In models controlling for level of asthma control, income, and having a usual source of asthma care, parents who perceived financial burden were more likely to have children who had at least one emergency department visit (OR = 1.95; 95 % CI = 1.15 to 3.29), hospitalization (OR = 3.99; 95 % CI = 2.03 to 7.82), or missed school days due to asthma (OR = 3.26; 95 % CI = 1.60 to 6.67) in the previous year. Our results supported our hypotheses. Among low-income parents of children with asthma, the majority do not perceive financial burden to obtaining care. However, among parents that do perceive burden, urgent care use and missed school days due to asthma for their child were significantly higher, regardless of family income and having a usual source of asthma care. Mothers and grandmothers heading families and those caring for children with uncontrolled asthma were most likely to report burden. These findings have implications for clinical practice in that health care providers may be able to take simple actions to determine patients’ financial-related perceptions, correct misconceptions, and help patients consider their full range of options to manage their child’s asthma.


Childhood asthma Low income Urban children Outcomes Barriers to care Asthma 



The study described in this article was supported by grant 1 R01 HR-56028 of the Lung Division of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The authors would like to thank Michael Cabana and Melissa Valerio for their feedback on an initial draft and Katherine Faiver and Megan Jensen for their assistance with preparation of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minal R. Patel
    • 1
  • Randall W. Brown
    • 1
  • Noreen M. Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Managing Chronic DiseaseUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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