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Targeted Oncology

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 189–198 | Cite as

Angiogenesis and tumor microenvironment: bevacizumab in the breast cancer model

  • Olivier TrédanEmail author
  • Magali Lacroix-Triki
  • Séverine Guiu
  • Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier
  • Jérôme Barrière
  • François-Clément Bidard
  • Antoine-Laurent Braccini
  • Olivier Mir
  • Christian Villanueva
  • Philippe Barthélémy
Review

Abstract

Solid tumors require blood vessels for growth, and many new cancer therapies are directed against the tumor vasculature. Antiangiogenic therapies should destroy the tumor vasculature, thereby depriving the tumor of oxygen and nutrients. According to Jain et al., an alternative hypothesis could be that certain antiangiogenic agents can also transiently “normalize” the abnormal structure and function of tumor vasculature to make it more efficient for oxygen and drug delivery. With emphasize on the research works of Jain et al., the aim of this review is to describe the impact of antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy on “pseudo-normalization” of tumor vasculature and tumor microenvironment, its role in early and metastatic breast cancer, and the clinical evidence supporting this original concept. The phase III clinical trials showed that extended tumors, metastatic or locally advanced, are likely to benefit from bevacizumab therapy in combination with chemotherapy, assuming that a high level of tumor neoangiogenesis as in triple-negative tumors is the best target. In adjuvant setting, the lower level of tumor vasculature could mask a potential benefit of anti-VEGF therapy. All these findings highlight the need to identify biomarkers to help in the selection of patients most likely to respond to anti-VEGF therapy, to better understand the mechanism of angiogenesis and of resistance to anti-VEGF therapy according to molecular subtypes.

Keywords

Angiogenesis Bevacizumab Breast cancer Tumor microenvironment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Isabelle Chapelle-Marcillac for her assistance in the medical writing.

Conflict of interest

All the authors received personal fees for the article from Laboratoires Roche France. Laboratoires Roche France supports the medical writing. Olivier Trédan received consulting fees from Roche, France.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Trédan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magali Lacroix-Triki
    • 2
  • Séverine Guiu
    • 3
  • Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier
    • 4
  • Jérôme Barrière
    • 5
  • François-Clément Bidard
    • 6
  • Antoine-Laurent Braccini
    • 7
  • Olivier Mir
    • 8
  • Christian Villanueva
    • 9
  • Philippe Barthélémy
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Medical OncologyCentre Léon BérardLyon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Department of PathologyInstitut Claudius RégaudToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Department of Medical OncologyCentre Georges-François LeclercDijonFrance
  4. 4.Department of Medical OncologyCentre Jean PerrinClermont-FerrandFrance
  5. 5.Department of Medical OncologyCentre Antoine LacassagneNiceFrance
  6. 6.Department of Medical OncologyInstitut CurieParisFrance
  7. 7.Department of RadiotherapyCentre Val d’AurelleMontpellierFrance
  8. 8.Department of Medical OncologyHôpital CochinParisFrance
  9. 9.Department of Medical OncologyHôpital Jean MinjozBesançonFrance
  10. 10.Department of Hematology and OncologyHôpital de HautepierreStrasbourgFrance

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