Resilience 2.0: Computer-aided Disaster Management

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Abstract

Many factors (larger population, more dependency on technology, more human-caused interference in the natural systems and equilibria, climate changes,⋯) contribute to the seemingly growing number and severity of disasters. Additional exaggeration is generated by public media. As a consequence Disaster Prevention and Disaster Management must be given increased attention. The ultimate goal of Disaster Management is resilience of the affected system and thus the adequate and acceptable survival of the affected population.

We discuss system behavior in the case of an assault or disturbance: from being fragile (loss of their functionality due to the assault) to being resilient (having the capacity... of bouncing back to dynamic stability after a disturbance), or even antifragile (being able to "learn" so as to improve disaster resilience).

Resilience 2.0 identifies a new paradigm: modern Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are employed as a basis for enabling and improving resilience of a system. ICT provide the basis for sufficient preparation before an assault, for quick recognition of, and for effective, efficient reactions to disasters. Only the coordinated intra- and interphase deployment of ICT promises sufficient success and can bring resilience to currently as yet fragile systems. We discuss stressors (time and performance pressure, physical and psychological stress on personnel) and problems due to damaged ICT-platforms and communication infrastructure. The basic message is that computer-aided Disaster Management is able to offers a new level of reactivity: Resilience 2.0.

Keywords

Disaster vulnerability resilience human reaction hazard threat systemic reaction 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The foundations of this work was funded by projects supported by security program "Sicherheitsforschungs - Förderprogramm KIRAS" of the Austrian Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT).

The authors also want to thank the reviewers for their help and support in improving the quality of the paper.

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Copyright information

© Systems Engineering Society of China and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for TelecooperationJohannes Kepler University LinzViennaAustria
  2. 2.Johanniter Österreich Ausbildung und ForschungViennaAustria

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