Vision-based gait impairment analysis for aided diagnosis
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Gait is a firsthand reflection of health condition. This belief has inspired recent research efforts to automate the analysis of pathological gait, in order to assist physicians in decision-making. However, most of these efforts rely on gait descriptions which are difficult to understand by humans, or on sensing technologies hardly available in ambulatory services. This paper proposes a number of semantic and normalized gait features computed from a single video acquired by a low-cost sensor. Far from being conventional spatio-temporal descriptors, features are aimed at quantifying gait impairment, such as gait asymmetry from several perspectives or falling risk. They were designed to be invariant to frame rate and image size, allowing cross-platform comparisons. Experiments were formulated in terms of two databases. A well-known general-purpose gait dataset is used to establish normal references for features, while a new database, introduced in this work, provides samples under eight different walking styles: one normal and seven impaired patterns. A number of statistical studies were carried out to prove the sensitivity of features at measuring the expected pathologies, providing enough evidence about their accuracy.
KeywordsGait impairment Video-based gait analysis Gait database Computer-aided diagnosis
The authors would like to thank the staff at Communication Sciences Laboratory (LABCOM) of Univ. Jaume I for their help in using these facilities.
This work has been supported by grants P1-1B2015-74 and PREDOC/2012/05 from Univ. Jaume I, and TIN2013-46522-P from Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
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