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The development of minority education and the practice of bilingual education in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

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Frontiers of Education in China


The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is an area of great importance for the ethnic minorities of northwestern China, and the development of local minority education has been a constant concern in both government and academic spheres. By means of analyzing government documents, statistical data and research literature, this article attempts to define the fundamental modes and development processes of minority education in Xinjiang. Furthermore, the article elaborates on discussion of the development and problems relevant to bilingual education in the concentrated Uyghur communities of southern Xinjiang based on the author’s field research in the Kashgar Prefecture in 2007.


新疆是中国西北一个非常重要的少数民族自治区, 当地少数民族教育事业的发展也一直为政府和学术界所关注。 通过对相关统计资料和研究文献的梳理, 对新疆民族教育的基本模式和发展历程进行了梳理, 并利用2007年在南疆喀什地区实地调查所得到的信息对南疆维吾尔族聚居区近年来在双语教育方面的发展及实践中反映出的具体问题展开了讨论。

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Correspondence to Rong Ma.

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Translated by Zhang Lin from Beijing Daxue Jiaoyu Pinglun 北京大学教育评论 (Peking University Education Review), 2008, (2): 2–41, revised by Daniel Weisman

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Ma, R. The development of minority education and the practice of bilingual education in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Front. Educ. China 4, 188–251 (2009).

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