Research on the teaching quality of compulsory education in China’s West rural schools
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The paper has compared the quality of compulsory education of rural schools in West China with the counties, cities, and provincial capitals, and find out that there is a big gap between the quality of West rural and urban compulsory education, the quality of some grades of the rural primary schools has not achieved the basic requirement of the curriculum standards, the gap between the quality of junior high schools in rural and urban areas is relatively severe. The mean score and qualified rate in the subjects of Chinese, mathematics and English of West rural junior high students are distinctly lower than that of the urban and county schools. The main factor that leads to the bigger discrepancy between the urban and rural education quality mainly lies in the difference in the teaching force. Compared with urban schools, the teachers in rural schools is insufficient and poorly-trained, with less access to teachers’ professional development and support. The teaching quality in the West rural schools should be paid attention and improved in light of the rationale of educational equity.
Keywordsrural schools compulsory education teaching quality teachers quality
通过对中国西部地区农村学校与县城、 地市、 省会城市学校义务教育阶段教学质量的调查比较发现: 城乡义务教育阶段教学质量存在较大的差距, 其中农村小学部分年级的教学质量未能达到课程标准的基本要求; 城乡初中教学质量的差距较为严重, 农村初中学生在语文、 数学和英语三科的平均成绩、 合格率等都明显地低于城市和县城学校。 造成城乡义务教育教学质量差异较大的主要原因在于师资队伍之间的差异; 与城市学校相比, 农村学校合格教师数量不够, 教师素质不高, 教师专业发展机会较少, 专业支持不够。 应从教育公平的理念出发, 提高农村学校教育教学质量。
关键词农村学校 义务教育 教学质量 教师素质
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