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Frontiers in Biology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 94–102 | Cite as

Intestinal organoid as an in vitro model in studying host-microbial interactions

Review
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Abstract

Background

Organoid is an in vitro three-dimensional organ-bud that shows realistic microanatomy and physiological relevance. The progress in generating organoids that faithfully recapitulate human in vivo tissue composition has extended organoid applications from being just a basic research tool to a translational platform with a wide range of uses. Study of hostmicrobial interactions relies on model systems to mimic the in vivo infection. Researchers have developed various experimental models in vitro and in vivo to examine the dynamic host-microbial interactions. For some infectious pathogens, model systems are lacking whereas some of the used systems are far from optimal.

Objective

In the present work, we will review the brief history and recent findings using organoids for studying hostmicrobial interactions.

Methods

A systematic literature search was performed using the PubMed search engine. We also shared our data and research contribution to the field.

Results

we summarize the brief history of 3D organoids. We discuss the feasibility of using organoids in studying hostmicrobial interactions, focusing on the development of intestinal organoids and gastric organoids. We highlight the advantage and challenges of the new experimental models. Further, we discuss the future direction in using organoids in studying hostmicrobial interactions and its potential application in biomedical studies.

Conclusion

In combination with genetic, transcriptome and proteomic profiling, both murine- and human-derived organoids have revealed crucial aspects of development, homeostasis and diseases. Specifically, human organoids from susceptible host will be used to test their responses to pathogens, probiotics, and drugs. Organoid system is an exciting tool for studying infectious disease, microbiome, and therapy.

Keywords

bacteria colonoids enteroids gastric organoids host-microbial interactions H. pylori inflammation intestinal organoids microbiome organoids tight junctions Salmonella stem-cell differentiation ZO-1 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the NIDDK 1R01DK105118-01 and the UIC Cancer Center to Jun Sun.

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of MedicineUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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