Frontiers of Biology in China

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 385–391 | Cite as

Distribution and status of bustards in China

  • Xingyi Gao
  • Weikang Yang
  • Jianfang Qiao
  • Jun Yao
  • Kefen Xu


This article presents the distribution and status of bustards, which are listed as first-category protected animals according to the survey results during 1990–2002 in China. The Chinese populations of Otis tarda dybowskii are breeding in south-west of Heilongjiang Province, western Jilin Province, east and middle Inner Mongolia, north Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Gansu Province. A few can winter in the south breeding-range. Its winter-range lies from the south to the Yellow River, as far as to Guizhou Province and Jiangxi Province. Its population number is about 200–300 or 500–800. The Chinese populations of O. t. tarda are breeding in the north and west of Xinjiang. It is unclear about its winter-range, which is presumed to be in south Asia. Recently we found individuals wintering in Chabuchaer and west Xinjiang. The population number is about 2000–3000. The habitat in breeding range includes steppe, grassland, desert grassland, and farmland. The habitat in winter range is the beach of rivers and lakes, meadows, meadow-grassland, and wheatland. The Chinese populations of Chlamydotis undulata macqueeni are breeding in the fringe of the Jungar Basin, the banks of the Ulungur River, Balikun and south Turpan Basin in Xinjiang, west Inner Mongolia, and west Gansu. NortheastMulei in eastern Jungar Basin of Xinjiang is the main breeding-range in the world. The bird uses desert and desert grassland as its habitat. Its winter-range is west Asia and south Asia. Its population number is about 2000. The Chinese populations of Tetrax tetrax are breeding in north Xinjiang, and China is located on the east border of its breeding-range. Its habitat is grassland and semi-desert, and its winter-range lies in south Asia. Its population in China is very scarce. In addition, we analyzed the causes of their endangerment and put forward protection tactics of Chinese Bustards.


Great Bustard (Otis tardaHoubara Bustard (Chlamydotis undulataLittle Bustard (Tetrax tetraxdistribution status 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xingyi Gao
    • 1
  • Weikang Yang
    • 1
  • Jianfang Qiao
    • 1
  • Jun Yao
    • 1
  • Kefen Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesUrumqiChina

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