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Neighborhood Stress and Life Satisfaction: Is there a Relationship for African American Adolescents?

Abstract

This study identified associations between perceived neighborhood stress and adolescents’ perceptions of life satisfaction. African American adolescents aged 13–18 (n = 1658) from four matched, mid-sized cities in the northeastern and southeastern USA, completed a self-report questionnaire using an audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI). Analyses examined relationships between perceived neighborhood stress and perceived life satisfaction, while controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). Life satisfaction was found to be related to neighborhood stress for both males and females, with variability in neighborhood stress characteristics and in the magnitude of associations by gender. Further research should identify the particular characteristics of youth and specific aspects of adolescent life satisfaction associated with perceived neighborhood stress to develop community-based and culturally-sensitive quality of life improvement/health promotion programs.

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Abbreviations

LS:

Life Satisfaction

NS:

Neighborhood Stress

SES:

Socio-Economic Status

ACASI:

Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interview

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Acknowledgements

This study was conducted through the iMPPACS network supported by the National Institutes of Mental Health (Grant Number 1-UO1-MH66802; Pim Brouwers, NIMH Project Officer) at the following sites and local contributors: Columbia, SC (MH66803; Robert F. Valois [PI], Naomi Farber, Andre Walker); Macon, GA (MH66807; Ralph DiClemente [PI], Gina Wingood, Laura Salazar, Rachel Joseph, Delia Lang); Philadelphia, PA (MH66809; Daniel Romer [PI], Sharon Sznitman, Bonita Stanton, Michael Hennessy, Susan Lee, Eian More, Ivan Juzang, Thierry Fortune); Providence, RI (MH66785; Larry K. Brown [PI], Christie Rizzo, Nanetta Payne); and Syracuse, NY (MH66794; Peter A. Vanable [PI], Michael P. Carey, Rebecca Bostwick).

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Valois, R.F., Kerr, J.C., Carey, M.P. et al. Neighborhood Stress and Life Satisfaction: Is there a Relationship for African American Adolescents?. Applied Research Quality Life 15, 273–296 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9679-z

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Life satisfaction
  • Neighborhood stress
  • African Americans