How Does More Attention to Subjective Well-Being Affect Subjective Well-Being?

Abstract

There is an ongoing debate as to whether pursuing happiness is beneficial for people’s subjective well-being (SWB). To address this question, we tested whether attention to SWB – measured by participation in SWB surveys – is related to experienced SWB in two longitudinal studies. The initial study was conducted from November to December 2013 (N = 129), and the replication study, three years later from November to December 2016 (N = 120). The studies include two groups: one group (the control group) answered three SWB surveys over 4 weeks, and the other group (the experimental group) followed the same procedure but additionally tracked their SWB in detail using the experience sampling method four times a day and the day reconstruction method once a day using a smartphone application for two weeks to heighten their attention to their SWB. Both studies show higher SWB scores at later measurements compared to the first ones.

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Correspondence to Kai Ludwigs.

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On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest. Additionally, we declare that this research was conducted in line with the Declaration of Helsinki which explains all main rules for human research ethics.

Appendix

Appendix

Table 7 Dependent SWB Variables Initial Study
Table 8 Dependent SWB Variables Replication Study
Table 9 MAAS Items
Table 10 Independent Variables (both studies the same)

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Ludwigs, K., Lucas, R., Burger, M. et al. How Does More Attention to Subjective Well-Being Affect Subjective Well-Being?. Applied Research Quality Life 13, 1055–1080 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-017-9575-y

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Keywords

  • Attention
  • Subjective Well-Being (SWB)
  • Experience Sampling Method (ESM)
  • Day Reconstruction Method (DRM)
  • Mobile Application