The Relationship between Hope and Life Satisfaction among Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: the Enhancing Effect of Self Efficacy

  • Ricky T. Munoz
  • Chan M. Hellman
  • Kara L. Brunk
Article

Abstract

Among a sample of survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) residing in an emergency shelter, this study (N = 115) examined the relationship between hope, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction. Specifically, the study sought to explore if hope independently accounted for unique variance in life satisfaction over self-efficacy. First, a principal components analysis (PCA) was performed to evaluate if the 3 theorized components were present in the sample. Results of the PCA indicated hope, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction indeed loaded as distinct components. Second, to further evaluate the distinctiveness of hope and self-efficacy, both were modeled sequentially to evaluate each’s relationship with life satisfaction. Results indicated that hope was associated with robust variance in life satisfaction over self-efficacy. The overall results are consistent with hope being a unique variable important to psychological wellbeing among a sample of IPV survivors. The results may suggest a need for additional research into hope based interventions with IPV survivors that target increases in hope as a therapeutic outcome.

Keywords

Hope Self efficacy Life satisfaction Intimate partner violence 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricky T. Munoz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chan M. Hellman
    • 2
  • Kara L. Brunk
    • 1
  1. 1.Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social WorkUniversity of Oklahoma-TulsaTulsaUSA
  2. 2.Center of Applied Research for Non-ProfitsUniversity of Oklahoma-TulsaTulsaUSA

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