Based on a thorough review of the literature we identified four research streams identifying four corresponding factors that play an important in role work-life balance: (1) balanced role commitment, (2) positive spillover, (3) role conflict, and (4) social alienation. Based on these four factors, we classified individuals into four work-life balance groups with differing levels of life satisfaction. We then explained the psychological dynamics of the model by articulating three principles: satisfaction spillover across life domains, need satisfaction quota, and satisfaction from basic plus growth needs. Research and policy implications are also discussed.
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Sirgy, M.J., Lee, DJ. Work-Life Balance: A Quality-of-Life Model. Applied Research Quality Life 11, 1059–1082 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-015-9419-6