APA. (2012). American Pregnancy Association-promoting pregnancy wellness: Statistics. 2012; http://www.americanpregnancy.org/main/statistics.html. Accessed April 16.
World development report 1993--investing in health. Commun Dis Rep CDR Wkly. Jul 23 1993;3(30):137.
Higginson, I. J., & Carr, A. J. (2001). Using quality of life measures in the clinical setting. BMJ, 322(7297), 1297–1300.
Brunswik, E. (1952). Conceptual framework of psychology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
HRSA. (2010). Rethinking MCH: The Life Course Model as an Organizing Framework- concept paper. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Helath Resources and Services Adminstration Maternal and Child Helath Bureau: http://mchb.hrsa.gov/lifecourse/rethinkingmchlifecourse.pdf.
Hunt, S. M., McKenna, S. P., McEwen, J., Williams, J., & Papp, E. (1981). The Nottingham health profile: Subjective health status and medical consultations. Social Science & Medicine. Part A: Medical Psychology & Medical Sociology, 15(3, Part 1), 221–229.
Symon, A., MacDonald, A., & Ruta, D. (2002). Postnatal quality of life assessment: introducing the mother-generated index. Birth, 29(1), 40–46.
Andersen, A. (2008). SF-36 Health Survey. Women & Health, 47(4), 19–37.
Magee, L. A., Chandra, K., Mazzotta, P., Stewart, D., Koren, G., & Guyatt, G. H. (2002). Development of a health-related quality of life instrument for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 186(2), S232–S238.
Chen, T. H., Li, L., & Kochen, M. M. (2005). A systematic review: How to choose appropriate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures in routine general practice? Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B, 6(9), 936–940.
Scientific Advisory Committee Overview & Update. Trust’s State-of-the-Art Helath Outcomes. Vol 3. Boston1998.
HRSA. Rethinking MCH: The Life Course Model as an Organizing Framework. In: Bureau USDoHaHSHRaSAMaCH, ed2010.
Taillefer, M.-C., Dupuis, G., Roberge, M.-A., & LeMay, S. (2003). Health-related quality of life models: Systematic review of the literature. Social Indicators Research, 64(2), 293–323.
Farquhar, M. (1995). Definitions of quality of life: A taxonomy. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 22(3), 502–508.
Brady, M. J., Cella, D. F., & Mo, F. (1997). Reliability and validity of the functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast quality-of-life instrument. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 15(3), 974–986.
Spieth, L. E., & Harris, C. V. (1996). Assessment of health-related quality of life in children and adolescents: An integrative review. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 21(2), 175–193.
WHOQoLGroup. (1994). Development of the WHOQoL: Rational and current status. In J Mental Helath, 23, 24–56.
O’Connor. Issues in the measurment of helah related quality of life. Melbourne, Australia1993: http://www.rodoconnorassoc.com/issues_in_the_measurement_of_qua.htm. Accessed March 26, 2012.
Fryback, D. G. (2010). Measuring health-related quality of life. Workshop on Advancing Social Science Theory: The importance of Common Metrics. Washington, DC: National Academies, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education.
O’Connor, R. (2004). Measuring quality of life in health. Edinburgh; New York: Churchill Livingston.
Espallargues, M., Valderas, J. M., & Alonso, J. (2000). Provision of feedback on perceived health status to health care professionals: A systematic review of its impact. Medical Care, 38(2), 175–186.
Greenhalgh, J., & Meadows, K. (1999). The effectiveness of the use of patient-based measures of health in routine practice in improving the process and outcomes of patient care: A literature review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 5(4), 401–416.
Ferrans, C. E., & Powers, M. J. (1992). Psychometric assessment of the quality of life index. Research in Nursing & Health, 15(1), 29–38.
Robling, M., Matthews, S. J., Hood, K., et al. (2002a). The development of a New site-specific measure of quality of life for breast problems: The cardiff breast scales. Quality of Life Research, 11(4), 339–348.
Avery, K., Donovan, J., Peters, T. J., Shaw, C., Gotoh, M., & Abrams, P. (2004). ICIQ: A brief and robust measure for evaluating the symptoms and impact of urinary incontinence. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 23(4), 322–330.
Hill, P. D., Aldag, J. C., Hekel, B., Riner, G., & Bloomfield, P. (2006a). Maternal postpartum quality of life questionnaire. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 14(3), 205–220.
Huang K, Tao F, Liu L, Wu X. Does delivery mode affect women’s postpartum quality of life in rural China? J Clin Nurs. Oct 25 2011.
Kelleher, C. J., Cardozo, L. D., Khullar, V., & Salvatore, S. (1997). A new questionnaire to assess the quality of life of urinary incontinent women. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 104(12), 1374–1379.
Wagner, T. H., Patrick, D. L., Bavendam, T. G., Martin, M. L., & Buesching, D. P. (1996). Quality of life of persons with urinary incontinence: Development of a new measure. Urology, 47(1), 67–71. discussion 71−62.
Boivin, J., Takefman, J., & Braverman, A. (2011). The fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) tool: Development and general psychometric properties. Human Reproduction, 26(8), 2084–2091.
Ferrans, C. E. (1990). Development of a quality of life index for patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 17(3), 15–19. discussion 20−11.
Symon, A. G., & Dobb, B. R. (2008). An exploratory study to assess the acceptability of an antenatal quality-of-life instrument (the Mother-generated Index). Midwifery, 24(4), 442–450.
Sassi, F. (2006). Calculating QALYs, comparing QALY and DALY calculations. Health Policy and Planning, 21(5), 402–408.
Nascimento, S. (2011). effect of an antenatal physical exercise programme on maternal/perinatal outcomes and quality of life in overweight and obese pregnant women: a randomised clinical trial. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 118(12), 1455.
Amador-Licona, N., & Guizar-Mendoza, J. M. (2012). Daytime sleepiness and quality of life: Are they associated in obese pregnant women? Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 285(1), 105–109.
Kocaoz, S., Talas, M. S., & Atabekoglu, C. S. (2010). Urinary incontinence in pregnant women and their quality of life. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(23–24), 3314–3323.
Heiney, S. P., McWayne, J., Hurley, T. G., et al. (2003). Efficacy of therapeutic group by telephone for women with breast cancer. Cancer Nursing, 26(6), 439–447.
Acharya, S., & Bhat, P. V. (2009). Factors affecting oral health-related quality of life among pregnant women. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 7(2), 102–107.
Akyn, B., Ege, E., Kocodlu, D., Demiroren, N., & Yylmaz, S. (2009). Quality of life and related factors in women, aged 15–49 in the 12-month post-partum period in Turkey. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 35(1), 86–93.
Lau, Y. (2011). Maternal, obstetric variables, perceived stress and health-related quality of life among pregnant women in Macao, China. Midwifery, 27(5), 668.
Aragaki, I. M., & Silva, I. A. (2011). Nursing mothers’ perception about their quality of life. Rev Esc Enferm USP., 45(1), 71–78.
Lacasse, A., & Berard, A. (2008). Validation of the nausea and vomiting of pregnancy specific health related quality of life questionnaire. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 6, 32.
Fox-Rushby, J. (1995). Culture and the measurement of health-related quality of life. European review of applied psychology., 45(4), 257.
Cella, D., Hernandez, L., Bonomi, A. E., et al. (1998). Spanish language translation and initial validation of the functional assessment of cancer therapy quality-of-life instrument. Medical Care., 36(9), 1407–1418.
Badia, X., Díez-Pérez, A., Alvarez-Sanz, C., et al. (2001). Measuring quality of life in women with vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis: A comparison of the OQLQ and QUALEFFO. Quality of Life Research, 10(4), 307–317.
Barber, M. D., Walters, M. D., & Bump, R. C. (2005). Short forms of two condition-specific quality-of-life questionnaires for women with pelvic floor disorders (PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7). American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 193(1), 103–113.
Bijlenga, D. (2011a). Health-related quality of life after induction of labor versus expectant monitoring in gestational hypertension or preeclampsia at term. Hypertension in Pregnancy, 30(3), 260.
Carlsson, M., & Hamrin, E. (1996). Measurement of quality of life in women with breast cancer. Development of a Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ-32) and a comparison with the EORTC QLQ-C30. Quality of Life Research, 5(2), 265–274.
Chan, O. K., Sahota, D. S., Leung, T. Y., Chan, L. W., Fung, T. Y., & Lau, T. K. (2010). Nausea and vomiting in health-related quality of life among Chinese pregnant women. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 50(6), 512–518.
Dalfra MG, Nicolucci A, Bisson T, Bonsembiante B, Lapolla A. Quality of life in pregnancy and post-partum: a study in diabetic patients. Qual Life Res. Jun 2 2011.
Wonderling, D., Sawyer, L., Fenu, E., Lovibond, K., & Laramée, P. (2011). National clinical guideline centre cost-effectiveness assessment for the national institute for health and clinical excellence. Annals of Internal Medicine, 154(11), 758–765.
Lipscomb, J., Drummond, M., Fryback, D., Gold, M., & Revicki, D. (2009). Retaining, and Enhancing, the QALY. Value in Health, 12, S18–S26.
Thompson, C. A., Foster, A., Cole, I., & Dowding, D. W. (2005). Using social judgement theory to model nurses’ use of clinical information in critical care education. Nurse Education Today, 25(1), 68–77.
Hillis, S. D., Anda, R. F., Dube, S. R., Felitti, V. J., Marchbanks, P. A., & Marks, J. S. (2004). The association between adverse childhood experiences and adolescent pregnancy, long-term psychosocial consequences, and fetal death. Pediatrics, 113(2), 320–327.
Barker, D., Eriksson, J., Forsén, T., & Osmond, C. (2002). Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31(6), 1235–1239.
Barker, D. J. P. (1997). Fetal nutrition and cardiovascular disease in later life. British Medical Bulletin, 53(1), 96–108.
Wilkins, A. J., O’Callaghan, M. J., Najman, J. M., Bor, W., Williams, G. M., & Shuttlewood, G. (2004). Early childhood factors influencing health-related quality of life in adolescents at 13 years. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 40(3), 102–109.
Beyersdorff, A., Hoffmann, W., Lingnau, M. L., Ebner, A., Fusch, C., & Haas, J. P. (2008). Survey of Neonates in Pomerania (SniP): a population based analysis of the mothers’ quality of life after delivery with special relations to their social integration. International Journal of Public Health, 53(2), 87–95.
Bijlenga, D. (2011b). Maternal health-related quality of life after induction of labor or expectant monitoring in pregnancy complicated by intrauterine growth retardation beyond 36 weeks. Quality of Life Research, 20(9), 1427.
Chan, O. (2010). Nausea and vomiting in health-related quality of life among Chinese pregnant women. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 50(6), 512.
Coban, A., Arslan, G. G., Colakfakioglu, A., & Sirlan, A. (2011). Impact on quality of life and physical ability of pregnancy-related back pain in the third trimester of pregnancy. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 61(11), 1122–1124.
Darcy, J. M., Grzywacz, J. G., Stephens, R. L., Leng, I., Clinch, C. R., & Arcury, T. A. (2011). Maternal depressive symptomatology: 16-month follow-up of infant and maternal health-related quality of life. J Am Board Fam Med. May-Jun, 24(3), 249–257.
Coyle, S. B. (2011). Maternal concern, social support, and health-related quality of life across childhood. Research in Nursing & Health, 34(4), 297–309.
Da Costa, D., Dritsa, M., Rippen, N., Lowensteyn, I., & Khalife, S. (2006). Health-related quality of life in postpartum depressed women. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 9(2), 95–102.
Da Costa, D., Dritsa, M., Verreault, N., Balaa, C., Kudzman, J., & Khalife, S. (2010). Sleep problems and depressed mood negatively impact health-related quality of life during pregnancy. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 13(3), 249–257.
de Tychey, C., Briancon, S., Lighezzolo, J., et al. (2008). Quality of life, postnatal depression and baby gender. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(3), 312–322.
El-Gazzaz, G., Hull, T. L., Mignanelli, E., Hammel, J., Gurland, B., & Zutshi, M. (2010). Obstetric and cryptoglandular rectovaginal fistulas: Long-term surgical outcome; quality of life; and sexual function. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 14(11), 1758–1763.
Gutke, A., Lundberg, M., Ostgaard, H. C., & Oberg, B. (2011). Impact of postpartum lumbopelvic pain on disability, pain intensity, health-related quality of life, activity level, kinesiophobia, and depressive symptoms. European Spine Journal, 20(3), 440–448.
Graziosi, G. C., Bruinse, H. W., Reuwer, P. J., van Kessel, P. H., Westerweel, P. E., & Mol, B. W. (2005). Misoprostol versus curettage in women with early pregnancy failure: Impact on women’s health-related quality of life. A randomized controlled trial. Human Reproduction, 20(8), 2340–2347.
Halkoaho, A., Kavilo, M., Pietila, A. M., Huopio, H., Sintonen, H., & Heinonen, S. (2010). Does gestational diabetes affect women’s health-related quality of life after delivery? European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 148(1), 40–43.
Hill, P. D., & Aldag, J. C. (2007). Maternal perceived quality of life following childbirth. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 36(4), 328–334.
Hill, P. D., Aldag, J. C., Hekel, B., Riner, G., & Bloomfield, P. (2006b). Maternal postpartum quality of life questionnaire. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 14(3), 205.
Hoedjes, M., Berks, D., Vogel, I., et al. (2011). Poor health-related quality of life after severe preeclampsia. Birth, 38(3), 246–255.
Jomeen, J., & Martin, C. R. (2005). The factor structure of the SF-36 in early pregnancy. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 59(3), 131–138.
Kolotkin, R. L., Crosby, R. D., Gress, R. E., Hunt, S. C., Engel, S. G., & Adams, T. D. (2008). Health and health-related quality of life: differences between men and women who seek gastric bypass surgery. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 4(5), 651–658. discussion 658-659.
Larrabee, K. D., Monga, M., Eriksen, N., & Helfgott, A. (1996). Quality of life assessment in pregnant women with the human immunodeficiency virus. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 88(6), 1016–1020.
Lau, Y., Keung Wong, D. F., & Chan, K. S. (2008). The impact and cumulative effects of intimate partner abuse during pregnancy on health-related quality of life among Hong Kong Chinese women. Midwifery, 24(1), 22–37.
Li J, Mao J, Du Y, Morris JL, Gong G, Xiong X. Health-Related Quality of Life Among Pregnant Women With and Without Depression in Hubei, China. Matern Child Health J. Nov 2 2011.
Mautner, E., Greimel, E., Trutnovsky, G., Daghofer, F., Egger, J. W., & Lang, U. (2009). Quality of life outcomes in pregnancy and postpartum complicated by hypertensive disorders, gestational diabetes, and preterm birth. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 30(4), 231–237.
Montgomery, P., Brown, S., & Forchuk, C. (2011). A comparison of individual and social vulnerabilities, health, and quality of life among Canadian women with mental diagnoses and young children. Women’s Health Issues, 21(1), 48–56.
Montoya Arizabaleta, A. V., Orozco Buitrago, L., de Plata AC, A., Mosquera Escudero, M., & Ramirez-Velez, R. (2010). Aerobic exercise during pregnancy improves health-related quality of life: A randomised trial. Journal of Physiotherapy, 56(4), 253–258.
Moyer, C. A., Ekpo, G., Calhoun, C. L., et al. (2008). Quality of Life, Optimism/Pessimism, and Knowledge and Attitudes Toward HIV Screening Among Pregnant Women in Ghana. Women’s Health Issues, 18(4), 301.
Moyer, C. A., Yang, H., Kwawukume, Y., et al. (2009). Optimism/pessimism and health-related quality of life during pregnancy across three continents: a matched cohort study in China, Ghana, and the United States. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 9, 39.
Munch, S., Korst, L. M., Hernandez, G. D., Romero, R., & Goodwin, T. M. (2010). Health-related quality of life in women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: The importance of psychosocial context. Journal of Perinatology, 31(1), 10–20.
Nagpal, J., Dhar, R. S., Sinha, S., Bhargava, V., Sachdeva, A., & Bhartia, A. (2008). An exploratory study to evaluate the utility of an adapted Mother Generated Index (MGI) in assessment of postpartum quality of life in India. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 6, 107.
Nicholson, W. K., Setse, R., Hill-Briggs, F., Cooper, L. A., Strobino, D., & Powe, N. R. (2006). Depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life in early pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 107(4), 798–806.
Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, H., Mayon-White, R. T., Okong, P., Carpenter, L. M., & Jenkinson, C. (2006). The impact of HIV on maternal quality of life in Uganda. AIDS Care, 18(6), 614.
Ones, K., Yilmaz, E., Cetinkaya, B., & Caglar, N. (2005). Assessment of the quality of life of mothers of children with cerebral palsy (primary caregivers). Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 19(3), 232–237.
Petrou, S., Morrell, J., & Spiby, H. (2009). Assessing the empirical validity of alternative multi-attribute utility measures in the maternity context. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7, 40.
Powell, H., McCaffery, K., Murphy, V. E., et al. (2011). Psychosocial outcomes are related to asthma control and quality of life in pregnant women with asthma. The Journal of Asthma, 48(10), 1032–1040.
Sammarco, A. P. R. N. (2003). Quality of life among older survivors of breast cancer. Cancer Nursing, 26(6), 431–438.
Roiland, R. A., & Heidrich, S. M. (2011). Symptom clusters and quality of life in older adult breast cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 38(6), 672–680.
Setse, R., Grogan, R., Pham, L., et al. (2009). Longitudinal study of depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life during pregnancy and after delivery: The health status in pregnancy (HIP) study. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13(5), 577–587.
Symon, A., Glazener, C. M., MacDonald, A., & Ruta, D. (2003). Pilot study: quality of life assessment of postnatal fatigue and other physical morbidity. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 24(4), 215–219.
Symon, A., MacKay, A., & Ruta, D. (2003). Postnatal quality of life: A pilot study using the mother-generated index. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42(1), 21–29.
Symon, A., McGreavey, J., & Picken, C. (2003). Postnatal quality of life assessment: Validation of the mother-generated index. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 110(9), 865–868.
Symon, A. (2011). Maternal quality of life assessment: The feasibility of antenatal-postnatal follow-up using the mother-generated index. Journal of reproductive and infant psychology., 29(2), 183.
Tendais, I., Figueiredo, B., Mota, J., & Conde, A. (2011). Physical activity, health-related quality of life and depression during pregnancy. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 27(2), 219–228.
Torkan, B., Parsay, S., Lamyian, M., Kazemnejad, A., & Montazeri, A. (2009). Postnatal quality of life in women after normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 9, 4.
Webster, J., Nicholas, C., Velacott, C., Cridland, N., & Fawcett, L. (2011). Quality of life and depression following childbirth: Impact of social support. Midwifery, 27(5), 745–749.
Wik, H. S., Enden, T. R., Jacobsen, A. F., & Sandset, P. M. (2011). Long-term quality of life after pregnancy-related deep vein thrombosis and the influence of socioeconomic factors and comorbidity. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 9(10), 1931–1936.
Yang, M., Wallenstein, G., Hagan, M., Guo, A., Chang, J., & Kornstein, S. (2008). Burden of premenstrual dysphoric disorder on health-related quality of life. Journal of Women’s Health (2002), 17(1), 113–121.
Zubaran, C. (2011). The correlation between breastfeeding and maternal quality of life in Southern Brazil. Breastfeeding Medicine, 6(1), 25.
Zubaran, C., & Foresti, K. (2011). Investigating quality of life and depressive symptoms in the postpartum period. Women and Birth, 24(1), 10–16.
Zubaran, C., Foresti, K., Schumacher, M. V., Muller, L. C., & Amoretti, A. L. (2009). An assessment of maternal quality of life in the postpartum period in southern Brazil: A comparison of two questionnaires. Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil), 64(8), 751–756.
Robling, M., Matthews, S. J., Hood, K., et al. (2002b). The development of a new site-specific measure of quality of life for breast problems: The cardiff breast scales. Quality of Life Research, 11(4), 339–348.