An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of Gambling on Affected Others Accessing a Social Service

Original Article

Abstract

Problem gambling affects many people beyond the problem gambler themselves. Help-seeking is relatively rare among affected others, especially those in lower socio-economic communities. However, these affected others are sometimes in contact with other support agencies. The present research interviewed 10 people seeking support through a social agency who reported being affected by someone else’s gambling. Data from semi-structured interviews were analysed using an inductive descriptive approach to identify three themes: (1) This is ugly, (2) It affects everything and (3) I just do it by myself. The results highlight the normality of harmful gambling across generations, the lack of any positive aspects to gambling for affected others and the impacts on families and children. Specific gambling-related help-seeking remains rare; however, the opportunity to provide support, information and advice on approaches to coping to affected others as they contact social services is highlighted.

Keywords

Problem gambling Affected others Help-seeking Social support Coping Qualitative 

References

  1. Abbott, M. W., Bellringer, M., Garrett, N., & Mundy-McPherson, S. (2014). New Zealand 2012 national gambling study: gambling harm and problem gambling (report number 2). Wellington: Ministry of Health.Google Scholar
  2. Aronson, J. (1994). A pragmatic view of thematic analysis. Qualitative Report, 2(1), 1–3.Google Scholar
  3. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dickson-Swift, V. A., James, E. L., & Kippen, S. (2005). The experience of living with a problem gambler: spouses and partners speak out. Journal of Gambling Issues, 13, 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dowling, N., Smith, D., & Thomas, T. (2009). The family functioning of female pathological gamblers. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 7(1), 29–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dowling, N., Suomi, A., Jackson, A., Lavis, T., Patford, J., Cockman, S., Thomas, S., Bellringer, M., Koziol-McLain, J., Battersby, M., Harvey, P., & Abbott, M. (2016). Problem gambling and intimate partner violence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 17, 43–61.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Evans, L., & Delfabbro, P. H. (2005). Motivators for change and barriers to help-seeking in Australian problem gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 21(2), 133–155.Google Scholar
  8. Fairbairn-Dunlop, P., & Makisi, G. (2003). Making our place: growing up PI in New Zealand. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press Ltd..Google Scholar
  9. Gibbs, G. (2008). Analyzing Qualitative Data. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  10. Hing, N., Tiyce, M., Holdsworth, L., & Nuske, E. (2013). All in the family: help-seeking by significant others of problem gamblers. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 11, 396–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hing, N., Nuske, E., Gainsbury, S. N., & Russell, A. M. T. (2016). Perceived stigma and self-stigma of problem gambling: perspectives of people with gambling problems. International Gambling Studies, 16(1), 31–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hodgins, D. C., & el-Guebaly, N. (2000). Natural and treatment-assisted recovery from gambling problems: a comparison of resolved and active gamblers. Addiction, 95(5), 777–789.Google Scholar
  13. Hodgins, D. C., Shead, N. W., & Makarchuk, K. (2007a). Relationship satisfaction and psychological distress among concerned significant others of pathological gamblers. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195(1), 65–71.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hodgins, D. C., Toneatto, T., Makarchuk, K., Skinner, W., & Vincent, S. (2007b). Minimal treatment for concerned significant others of problem gamblers: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23(2), 215–230.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Holdsworth, L., Nuske, E., & Breen, H. (2013a). All mixed up together: women’s experiences of problem gambling, comorbidity and co-occurring complex needs. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 11, 315–328.Google Scholar
  16. Holdsworth, L., Nuske, E., Tiyce, M., & Hing, N. (2013b). Impacts of gambling problems on partners: partners’ interpretations. Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health, 3(1), 11.Google Scholar
  17. Johnson, E. E., Hammer, R., Nora, R. M., Tan, B., Eistenstein, N., & Englehart, C. (1988). The lie/bet questionnaire for screening pathological gamblers. Psychological Reports, 80, 83–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kalischuk, R. G. (2010). Cocreating life pathways: problem gambling and its impact on families. The Family Journal, 18(1), 7–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kalischuk, R. G., Nowatzki, N., Cardwell, K., Klein, K., & Solowoniuk, J. (2006). Problem gambling and its impact on families: a literature review. International Gambling Studies, 6(1), 31–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Landon, J., Palmer du Preez, K., Page, A., Bellringer, M., Roberts, A., & Abbott, M. (2016). Electronic gaming machine characteristics: it’s the little things that count. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. doi:10.1007/s11469-016-9666-2.
  21. Metge, J. (1995). New growth from old: the whānau in the modern world. Wellington: Victoria University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Patford, J. (2008). For poorer: how men experience, understand and respond to problematic aspects of a partner’s gambling. Gambling Research, 19(1 & 2), 7–20.Google Scholar
  23. Patford, J. (2009). For worse, for poorer and in ill health: how women experience, understand and respond to a partner’s gambling problems. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 7(1), 177–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Perese, L. (2009). You bet your life ... and mine! Contemporary Samoan gambling in New Zealand. Unpublished PhD thesis. Auckland: The University of Auckland.Google Scholar
  25. Productivity Commission. (2010). Gambling, report no. 50. Canberra. ISBN 978–1–74037-305-0.Google Scholar
  26. Pulford, J., Bellringer, M., Abbott, M., Clarke, D., Hodgins, D., & Williams, J. (2009). Barriers to help-seeking for a gambling problem: the experiences of gamblers who have sought specialist assistance and the perceptions of those who have not. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25(1), 33–48.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Rockloff, M. J., & Schofield, G. (2004). Factor analysis of barriers to treatment for problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20(2), 121–126.Google Scholar
  28. Rodda, S.N., Lubman, D.I., Dowling, N.A. & McCann, T.V. (2013). Reasons for using web-based counselling among family and friends impacted by problem gambling. Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public health, 3(12). doi:10.1186/2195-3007-3-12.
  29. Saldana, J. (2016). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  30. Sandelowski, M. (2010). What’s in a name? Qualitative description revisited. Research in Nursing and Health, 33(1), 77–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Sharman, S., Dreyer, J., Aitken, M., Clark, L., & Bowden-Jones, H. (2015). Rates of problematic gambling in a British homeless sample: a preliminary study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 31(2), 525–532.Google Scholar
  32. Sharman, S., Dreyer, J., Clark, L., & Bowden-Jones, H. (2016). Down and out in London: addictive behaviors in homelessness. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 5(2), 318–324.Google Scholar
  33. Shore, B. (1982). Sala’ilua: A Samoan Mystery. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Slutske, W. S. (2006). Natural recovery and treatment seeking in pathological gambling: results of two U.S. national surveys. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 297–302.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Tamasese, K., Peteru, C., & Waldegrave, C. (1997). Ole Taeao Afua, The new morning: a qualitative investigation into Samoan perspectives on mental health and culturally appropriate services. A Research Project carried out by the Family Centre, Wellington: funded by the Health Research Council.Google Scholar
  36. Walker, R. (2004). Ka whawhai tonu mātou: Struggle without end (rev. ed.). Auckland: Penguin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason Landon
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Grayson
    • 1
  • Amanda Roberts
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health & Environmental SciencesAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of PsychologyUniversity of LincolnLincolnUK

Personalised recommendations