Factors Influencing Lay and Professional Health Workers’ Self-efficacy in Identification and Intervention for Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Substance Use Disorders in Kenya

  • Sian Hsiang-Te Tsuei
  • Veronic Clair
  • Victoria Mutiso
  • Abednego Musau
  • Albert Tele
  • Erica Frank
  • David Ndetei
Original Article
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The global burden of substance use disorders (SUDs), including alcohol and tobacco, disproportionately affect low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), considering their rising disease burden and low service capacity. Nested within a Kenyan training program, this study explores factors associated with healthcare providers’ self-efficacy to treat SUD. Surveys of 206 healthcare workers were used to perform regression and sensitivity analysis assessing various factors association with self-efficacy. Self-efficacy for SUD was lower in those practicing in public facilities and perceiving a need for alcohol use disorder (AUD) training; while higher self-efficacy correlated with a higher proportion of patients with AUD in one’s setting, access to mental health worker support, cannabis use at a moderate risk level, and belief that AUD is manageable in outpatient settings. Increasing awareness about SUD prevalence, identification, and treatment skills could improve the self-efficacy of LMICs’ health care providers and therefore the willingness to implement more services for patients with SUDs.

Keywords

Alcohol Tobacco Substance use disorders Self-efficacy Low–middle-income countries 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Population and Public HealthUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Africa Mental Health FoundationNairobiKenya
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

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