With the rise of prescription opioids and the subsequent increase in opioid use disorders, the relationship between chronic pain, opioid use disorders, and drug replacement therapy has received great attention. However, few studies have examined the relationship between chronic pain and relapse from a variety of substance use disorders following residential addiction treatment. This pilot study seeks to examine the role of self-reported chronic pain as a predictor of relapse from a variety of substance use disorders for individuals who attended residential addiction treatment. In 198 adult patients, a Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient determined that there was not a significant relationship between self-reported chronic pain and relapse at 6 months following treatment: r (198) = −.056, p = .433. However, among those self-reporting chronic pain, women reported slightly more slips and complete relapses than men. The findings of this study can inform professionals working within a residential addiction treatment setting.
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The study underwent an organizational ethics review at Cedars. Furthermore, patients, family members, and caregivers are informed about the nature and practice of research at Cedars and that their information would remain confidential and anonymized.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
Statement of Human Rights
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
The original version of this article was revised: There were two inaccuracies in this article as originally published, both of which have now been corrected in the article: In Table 4 in the paper, the columns are not properly labeled which is misrepresenting the data. From left to right, the tables are: Complete Relapse, Chronic Relapse with Periods of Abstinence, 1–3 Slips but otherwise Abstinent, Complete Abstinence. There was an issue with the percentages in the section titled Descriptive Statistics, second paragraph. While the n sizes are the same, the percentages were not representing that data correctly.
An erratum to this article is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-017-9757-8.
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McPherson, C., Collins, E., Boyne, H. et al. Self-Reported Chronic Pain as a Predictor of Relapse Post Residential Addiction Treatment: a 6-Month Follow-up Pilot Study. Int J Ment Health Addiction 15, 1069–1079 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-017-9751-1
- Substance use disorder
- Chronic pain
- Addiction treatment