Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Adolescent Problem Gambling: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Analysis of Romanian and Canadian Teachers

  • Rayna M. Sansanwal
  • Jeffrey L. Derevensky
  • Izabela Ramona Lupu
  • Viorel Lupu


Despite legislative statutes, international research suggests that youth engage in regulated and unregulated forms of gambling. The current study was designed as a cross-cultural, comparative analysis to assess teachers’ knowledge and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other high-risk behaviours. One-hundred and ninety-four teachers from two regions of Romania, with experience teaching secondary school students, completed an online survey. Results were compared to an existing study looking at the same aspects among three-hundred and ninety Canadian teachers. Results suggest that both Romanian and Canadian teachers are knowledgeable about the proportion of underage youth that participate in gambling activities. Despite this awareness, Romanian teachers perceive gambling as a more serious issue affecting youth and recognize the negative consequences of underage gambling more than Canadian teachers. This is consistent with prevention initiatives, as more Romanian than Canadian teachers believe it is the responsibility of school staff to prevent adolescent gambling and are more open to receiving prevention training in youth gambling. Although international differences were found, gambling, relative to other high-risk adolescent behaviours, remains disregarded as serious problem behaviour. These results suggest that greater strides need to be taken towards increasing international teacher training and education about the short and long-term consequences associated with adolescent problem gambling.


Teachers Attitudes Adolescents Problem gambling Canada Romania 


Conflict of Interest

Rayna M. Sansanwal, Jeffrey L. Derevensky, Izabela Ramona Lupu and Viorel Lupu declare that they have no conflict of interest.Rayna M. Sansanwal, Jeffrey L. Derevensky, Izabela Ramona Lupu and Viorel Lupu have not received a research grant from any of the aforementioned affiliated institutions nor have they received an honorarium associated with this research.

Informed Consent

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.’


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rayna M. Sansanwal
    • 1
  • Jeffrey L. Derevensky
    • 1
  • Izabela Ramona Lupu
    • 2
  • Viorel Lupu
    • 3
  1. 1.International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High Risk BehaviorsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryIuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and PharmacyCluj-NapocaRomania

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