Adolescent Gambling: A Narrative Review of Behavior and Its Predictors
- 942 Downloads
This narrative review summarizes current knowledge on adolescent gambling for the period 1990–2010, assesses adolescent gambling behavior and person and environment predictors, and suggests directions for future research. The review includes 99 studies that identified their subjects as adolescents, children, youth, and students, and discusses adolescent gambling behavior, male and female adolescent gambling, and person and environment variables relating to adolescent gambling. Results reveal that most past research was conducted in Australia, North America, and Europe under the hypothesis of behavior as a function of person and environment variables. Future research should examine the mediated effects of person and environment variables, gambling cessation, gambling in other countries, and internet gambling. Intervention and prevention of adolescent gambling need parental involvement with parents not gambling themselves.
KeywordsAdolescent gambling behavior Male adolescent gambling Female adolescent gambling Person variables Environment variables
The author thanks Dr. Thomas J. Knutson for his assistance in the literature search, and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on the early draft of this paper.
- Arthur, D., Tong, W. L., Chen, C. P., Hing, A. Y., Sagara-Rosemeyer, M., Kua, E. H., & Ignacio, J. (2008). The validity and reliability of four measures of gambling behaviour in a sample of Singapore university students. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 451–462. doi: 10.1007/s10899-008-9103-y.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Barnes, G. M., Welte, J. W., Hoffman, J. H., & Dintcheff, B. A. (2002). Effects of alcohol misuse on gambling patterns in youth. Jounral of Studies on Alcohol, 63(6), 767–775.Google Scholar
- Beaver, K. M., Hoffman, T., Shields, R. T., Vaughn, M. G., DeLisi, M., & Wright, J. P. (2010). Gender differences in genetic and environmental influences on gambling: results from a sample of twins from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Addiction, 105(3), 536–542. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02803.x.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Campbell, C. A., Derevensky, J. L., Meerkamper, E., & Cutajar, J. (2011). The influence of cultural background on parental perceptions of adolescent gambling behaviour: a Canadian study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. doi: 10.1007/s11469-11011-19337-11462.
- Clarke, C., & Skokauskas, N. (2009). CBT for adolescent pathological gambling–lessons from adult research. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 26(3), 140–146.Google Scholar
- Delfabbro, P., Winefield, A. H., & Anderson, S. (2009). Once a gambler - always a gambler? A longitudinal analysis of gambling patterns in young people making the transition from adolescence to adulthood. International Gambling Studies, 9(2), 151–163. doi: 10.1080/14459790902755001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2004). Adolescents with gambling problems: a synopsis of our current knowledge. Journal of Gambling Issues(10), Retrieved October 11, 2010 from file://C:\bernie\ejgi\website\issue2010\ejgi_2010_derevensky_gupta.html.Google Scholar
- Fong, T. W. (2005). Pathological gambling in adolescents: no longer child’s play. Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 119–147.Google Scholar
- MacKinnon, D. P. (2008). Introduction to statistical mediation analysis. Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Mattson, R. E., MacKillop, J., Castelda, B. A., Anderson, E. J., & Donovick, P. J. (2008). The factor structure of gambling-relation cognitions in an undergraduate university sample. Journal of Psychopathological Behavior and Assessment, 30, 229–234. doi: 10.1007/s10862-007-9063-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- National Gambling Impact Study Commission. (1999). Final report. Available from http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/ngisc/reports/finrpt.html
- Olason, D. T., Kristjansdottir, E., Einarsdottir, H., Haraldsson, H., Bjarnason, G., & Derevensky, J. L. (2010). Internet gambling and problem gambling among 13 to 18 year old adolscents in Iceland. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 9, 257–263. doi: 10.1007/s11469-010-9280-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pagani, L. S., Derevensky, J. L., & Japel, C. (2010). Does early emotional distress predict later child involvement in gambling? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(8), 507–513.Google Scholar
- Parker, J. D. A., Taylor, T. N., Eastabrook, J. M., Schell, S. L., & Wood, L. M. (2008). Problem gambling in adolescence: relationships with internet misuse, gambing abuse and emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Diferences, 45(2), 174–180. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.03.018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shead, N. W., Derevensky, J. L., & Meerkamper, E. (2010). Your mother should know: a comparison of maternal and paternal attitudes and behaviors related to gambling among their adolescent children. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 9, 264–275. doi: 10.1007/s11469-010-9279-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Slutske, W. S., Meier, M. H., Zhu, G., Statham, D. J., Blaszczynski, A., & Martin, N. G. (2009). The Australian twin study of gambling (OZ-GAM): rationale, sample description, predictors of participation, and a first look at sources of individual differences in gambling involvement. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 12(1), 63–78. doi: 10.1375/twin.12.1.63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Multisite HIV Prevention Trial Group. (2001). Social-cognitive theory mediators of behavior change in the National Institute of Mental Health multisite HIV prevention trial. Health Psychology, 20(5), 369–376. doi: 10.1037/0278-6188.8.131.529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar