Perceived Social Support, Coping Strategies and Alcohol Use among Rural Adolescents/USA Sample
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Rural adolescents are under-researched in substance use studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perceived social support and coping strategies predict rural adolescents’ alcohol use.
Materials and Methods
Ordinal logistic regression was used to examine the relationship among alcohol use levels, coping strategies, and perceived social support. A total of 376 females and 248 males (average age 16 years) recruited from four rural high schools.
Perceived family social support was a strong protective factor against alcohol use (OR=1.05, p Wald=0.002) while avoidance coping strategy was a strong risk factor of alcohol use (OR=1.022, p Wald=0.008). Female and male rural adolescents were significantly different in alcohol use level (χ 2=15.77, df=2/623, p=<0.001).
Avoidance coping strategies and perception of social support from family are strong predictors of alcohol level among rural adolescents.
KeywordsAlcohol use Rural adolescence Social support Coping strategies
The study was funded by NIH, NINR grant number R01 NR 03616.
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