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Cigarette Smoking is Negatively Associated with Family Average Income Among Urban and Rural Men in Regional Mainland China

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Abstract

Socio-economic status (SES) has a strong influence on cigarette smoking behaviour. However, as a more sensitive and realistic index of SES, family average income (FAI) has little studied regarding its association with smoking. With a response rate of 90.1%, a cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected urban-rural participants (n = 29,353) between October of 2000 and March of 2001 in Nanjing, China. The proportion of male participants who were current smokers was 54.7%; for females it was 2.2%. After adjustment for possible confounding variables (area of residence, age, education, occupation) males in the middle (OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.69–0.84) and higher (OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.57–0.71) FAI tertiles had lower odds of being smokers than did males in the lower FAI tertile. There were no differences by FAI category in the odds of being an ex-smoker. Therefore, current smoking among adult males is inversely associated with family average income in a regional Chinese population. FAI may inform the targeting of campaigns or other initiatives, particularly in populations where material prosperity is low in some social groups.

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Acknowledgements

We are most grateful to NanJing Municipal Department of Health for its generous financial support of this study. Special thanks to the following for their support of the study: Department of Health of XuanWu District, JianYe District, DaChang District, JiangPu County and GaoChun County, Center for Disease Control & Prevention of JiangSu Province, XuanWu District, JianYe District, DaChang District, JiangPu County and GaoChun County, as well as all the workers and investigators participated.

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Correspondence to Fei Xu.

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Xu, F., Yin, X., Zhang, M. et al. Cigarette Smoking is Negatively Associated with Family Average Income Among Urban and Rural Men in Regional Mainland China. Int J Ment Health Addiction 5, 17–23 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-006-9043-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-006-9043-7

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