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Design of Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) Biosensor for Immunodiagnostic of E. coli O157:H7 Using Gold Nanoparticles Conjugated to the Chicken Antibody

Abstract

E. coli O157:H7 is one of the most important pathogens in food-borne diseases and is the main cause of the pseudo pandemic development of hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Also E. coli O157:H7 is the most common serotype of Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli. Traditional methods for detecting E. coli O157:H7 are expensive, time-consuming, and less sensitive. A method with high sensitivity and high-resolution optical detection is utilizes the LSPR property of spherical gold nanoparticles (GNP). In this work, we constructed a novel nano-bio probe to detect E. coli O157:H7 by synthesizing citrate gold nanoparticle conjugated (non-covalent bond) with specific chicken anti-E. coli O157:H7 antibody (IgY) by changing the pH of the nanoparticles’ environment. UV-visible and DLS methods were used to confirm the bonding between the antibody and nanoparticles and the LSPR sensitivity of the nano-bio probe was evaluated by ELISA method. We could optically detect this bacterium in less than 2 h by measuring the LSPR band λ max shifts of GNPs. The sensitivity of this novel biosensor was determined by about 10 CFU/ml, using the LSPR property of spherical gold nanoparticles. So that, the LSPR λ max red shifted from 530 to 543 nm in presence of 10 CFU bacterium. In conclusion, this nano biosensor can be used to detect this important pathogen among the clinical specimens.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the research council of The Malek-Ashtar University of Technology for the financial support of this investigation.

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Correspondence to Mehdi Zeinoddini.

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Yaghubi, F., Zeinoddini, M., Saeedinia, A.R. et al. Design of Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) Biosensor for Immunodiagnostic of E. coli O157:H7 Using Gold Nanoparticles Conjugated to the Chicken Antibody. Plasmonics 15, 1481–1487 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11468-020-01162-2

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