Design of Aluminum Bowtie Nanoantenna Array with Geometrical Control to Tune LSPR from UV to Near-IR for Optical Sensing

Abstract

Plasmonic nanoantennas have earned strong recognition for their unique capability to confine light from free space into sub-wavelength dimensions with strong electric field (E-field) enhancement factor due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). Broad spectral tuning of LSPR from ultraviolet (UV) to near-infrared (NIR) is required for incident light wavelength and material sensitive plasmonic applications in different spectral regions. In this article, we introduced and designed a novel aluminum plasmonic platform consisting of a bowtie nanoantenna (BNA) array with metal-insulator-metal (MIM) configuration where LSPR peak position was broadband tunable from UV to NIR through geometric control of antenna parameters. Furthermore, we designed and numerically analyzed a plasmonic biosensor platform that detected concentration of glycerol in de-ionized (DI) water with a concentration in the range of 0 to 40 wt% (refractive index = 1.333 to 1.368) with a sensitivity of 497 nm/RIU (refractive index units). The designed plasmonic platform can also be used as a surface-enhanced Raman scatting (SERS) substrate with enhancement factor as high as 4.82 × 109 for 1042 nm excitation wavelength. The reported hybrid dielectric-metallic plasmonic nanostructured system is a universal plasmonic platform for a wide range of applications including single-molecule SERS, biosensing, fluorescence microscopy, plasmonic nanocavity, nanolasers, and solid-state lighting.

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Funding

Scientific Research Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (QYZDB-SSW-SYS038); National Natural Science Foundation of China (11774340); and the Open Fund of the State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics (No. 2015IOSKL).

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Correspondence to Subhash C. Singh or Chunlei Guo.

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Wang, B., Singh, S.C., Lu, H. et al. Design of Aluminum Bowtie Nanoantenna Array with Geometrical Control to Tune LSPR from UV to Near-IR for Optical Sensing. Plasmonics 15, 609–621 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11468-019-01071-z

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Keywords

  • Aluminum plasmonics
  • Bowtie nanoantenna
  • Localized surface plasmon resonance
  • Tunability
  • SERS
  • Plasmonic sensor