Near-Infrared Dye Immobilized in Porous Silica Layer on Gold Nanorod and Its Fluorescence Enhancement by Strengthened Electromagnetic Field Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance
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We report immobilizing Nile Blue A, which is a cationic fluorescent dye emitting in the near-infrared region, in the porous silica layer on gold nanorod and its fluorescence enhancement by strengthened electromagnetic field based on surface plasmon resonance. The effect of the spacer corresponding to the silica layer on the metal-enhanced fluorescence effect is also discussed in detail. Hollow silica nanorod was in advance prepared, and then the silica layer was partly etched to increase the porosity for the improvement of the mass transfer. Subsequently, gold nanorod was fabricated in the restricted space of hollow silica nanorod. Finally, Nile Blue A was physically immobilized in the porous silica layer on gold nanorod through electrostatic interactions. The fluorescence enhancement of Nile Blue A based on surface plasmon resonance was semi-quantified by comparative experiments using hollow silica nanorod, which is exactly the same structure except for gold as silica-coated gold nanorod. Since our results demonstrated that the porosity degree of the silica layer significantly affected the fluorescence enhancement of Nile Blue A, it is hopeful that our design concept, distinct from the conventional one, can lay a foundation for further development of near-infrared fluorescence nanomaterials.
KeywordsGold nanorod Fluorescence enhancement Near-infrared dye Surface plasmon resonance Porous silica layer Hollow silica nanorod
This study was financially supported by Kyoto Technoscience Center.