, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 413–418 | Cite as

Improved Sensitivity of 2D Photonic Crystal Mach–Zehnder Interferometer-Based Pressure Sensor

  • Bendib Sarra
  • Zegadi Ameur


In this paper, we design and simulate a two-dimensional photonic crystal MZI for pressure sensing with a high sensitivity. The sensor is formed by silicon rods of a rectangular lattice distributed in air wafer; when the pressure is applied in an area of rods situated between the Y branch waveguides of MZI, the sensitivity achieved a very high value which is 22.3667 nm/GPa compared to that obtained when the pressure was applied over the entire surface of the sensor structure in which the sensitivity reached 6.36 nm/GPa.


Mach–Zehnder photonic crystal interferometer Pressure sensor Photonic band gap Finite difference time domain method (FDTD) 


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory: Croissance et Caractérisation de Nouveaux Semiconducteurs (LCCNS), Département d’Electronique, Faculté de TechnologieUniversité Ferhat AbbasSétifAlgeria

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