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Plasmonics

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 389–394 | Cite as

Extremely High Sensitive Plasmonic Refractive Index Sensors Based on Metallic Grating

  • X. F. LiEmail author
  • S. F. Yu
Article

Abstract

This work shows that a grating-based surface plasmon (SP) resonance sensing system can exhibit extremely high sensitivity to detect a small change of refractive index in an analyte. The corresponding sensitivity can be much higher than that of the prism-based systems. Both analytical calculation and rigorous coupled-wave analysis are used to study the angular sensitivity of the system. It is found that the system’s sensitivity can be over 600° per unit index change if (1) first-order diffracted wave is chosen to excite SP mode, (2) large SP resonant angles are used in the operation, and (3) grating filling factor is selected to be varied between 0.3 and 0.7. Furthermore, the sensing system has the best performance for detecting low-index analyte with a small change of refractive index.

Keywords

Surface plasmons Refractive index sensors Rigorous coupled-wave approach Metallic grating Diffracted waves 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of A*STAR SERC grant no. 082-101-0016.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Applied Physicsthe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityKowloonChina

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