Frontiers of Physics

, 13:137503 | Cite as

Enhancing the magnetoelectric coupling of Co4Nb2O9[100] by substituting Mg for Co

  • Zhen Li
  • Yi-Ming Cao
  • Yin WangEmail author
  • Ya Yang
  • Mao-Lin Xiang
  • You-Shuang Yu
  • Bao-Juan Kang
  • Jin-Cang Zhang
  • Shi-Xun CaoEmail author
Research Article


We report experimental studies on enhancing the magnetoelectric (ME) coupling of Co4Nb2O9 by substituting the non-magnetic metal Mg for Co. A series of single crystal Co4–xMgxNb2O9 (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) with a single-phase corundum-type structure are synthesized using the optical floating zone method, and the good quality and crystallographic orientations of the synthesized samples are confirmed by the Laue spots and sharp XRD peaks. Although the Néel temperatures (TN) of the Mg substituted crystals decrease slightly from 27 K for pure Co4Nb2O9 to 19 K and 11 K for Co3MgNb2O9 and Co2Mg2Nb2O9, respectively, the ME coupling is doubly enhanced by Mg substitution when x = 1. The ME coefficient αME of Co3MgNb2O9 required for the magnetic field (electric field) control of electric polarization (magnetization) is measured to be 12.8 ps/m (13.7 ps/m). These results indicate that the Mg substituted Co4–xMgxNb2O9 (x = 1) could serve as a potential candidate material for applications in future logic spintronics and logic devices.


single crystal magnetoelectric coupling substitution 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11774217 and 11574194) and the Project for Applied Basic Research Programs of Yunnan Province (No. 2017FD142).


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhen Li
    • 1
  • Yi-Ming Cao
    • 2
  • Yin Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ya Yang
    • 3
  • Mao-Lin Xiang
    • 1
  • You-Shuang Yu
    • 1
  • Bao-Juan Kang
    • 1
  • Jin-Cang Zhang
    • 1
  • Shi-Xun Cao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physics, International Center for Quantum and Molecular Structures and Materials Genome InstituteShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Center for Magnetic Materials, Devices & Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional and Low Dimensional Materials of Yunnan Higher Education InstituteQujing Normal UniversityQujingChina
  3. 3.School of Physics and Electronic EngineeringXinyang Normal UniversityXinyangChina

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