Frontiers of Physics

, 12:127206 | Cite as

Graphene: Nanostructure engineering and applications

  • Tingting Zhang
  • Shuang Wu
  • Rong YangEmail author
  • Guangyu Zhang
Open Access
Review article


Graphene has attracted extensive research interest in recent years because of its fascinating physical properties and its potential for various applications. The band structure or electronic properties of graphene are very sensitive to its geometry, size, and edge structures, especially when the size of graphene is below the quantum confinement limit. Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) can be used as a model system to investigate such structure-sensitive parameters. In this review, we examine the fabrication of GNRs via both top-down and bottom-up approaches. The edge-related electronic and transport properties of GNRs are also discussed.


graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) microfabrication top-down bottom-up electronic transport zigzag mobility edge state 

PACS numbers

81.07.-b 73.22.Pr 72.80.Vp 72.20.Ee 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Grant Nos. 61325021, 11574361, and 61390503), the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, Grant Nos. 2013CB934500 and 2013CBA01602), and the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences (Grant No. QYZDB-SSW-SLH004).


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© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tingting Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuang Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rong Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Guangyu Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Physical SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Key Laboratory for Nanomaterials and NanodevicesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum MatterBeijingChina

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