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Imagination of the evil


Sartre’s “transcendence of the ego” means that consciousness is outside of the ego, that the ego is the “ego of the other”, and that the other is neither in consciousness nor in the ego. Sartre viewed “reflection” as a pure mood rather than as the substantial carrier of mood. The strangeness and absurdity of the world emerge from this reflection. Sartre’s “imagination of the evil” has two aspects. On the one hand, “evil” corresponds to the concept of the other, transcending the capacity for domination of the ego; on the other hand, imagination is related to the other in a broad sense, with the ability to transform “philistinism” and “evil” into marvels.


萨特的 “自我的超越性” 是指意识在自我之外, 自我是 “他者的 自我”, 他者既不在意识之中也不在自我之中。 萨特将 “反思” 看作是一种纯粹的状态而非状态的承载, 这个世界的陌生与荒谬均来自这种反思。 萨特的 “恶的想像力” 具有两层含义, 一方面, “恶” 与他者的概念相符, 超越了自我的控到 力, 另一方面, 在一种宽泛的意义上, 想像力借助将庸俗和恶转化为奇迹的能力而与他者关联在一起。

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Correspondence to Shang Jie.

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Translated by Xu Dandan from Zhexue Yanjiu 哲学研究 (Philosophical Researches), 2005, (12): 56–61

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Shang, J. Imagination of the evil. Front. Philos. China 2, 412–422 (2007).

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  • phenomenology
  • consciousness
  • other
  • imagination


  • 现象学
  • 意识
  • 他者
  • 想像