Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 46–65 | Cite as

Recent advancements in optical microstructure fabrication through glass molding process

  • Tianfeng Zhou
  • Xiaohua Liu
  • Zhiqiang Liang
  • Yang Liu
  • Jiaqing Xie
  • Xibin Wang
Open Access
Review Article


Optical microstructures are increasingly applied in several fields, such as optical systems, precision measurement, and microfluid chips. Microstructures include microgrooves, microprisms, and microlenses. This paper presents an overview of optical microstructure fabrication through glass molding and highlights the applications of optical microstructures in mold fabrication and glass molding. The glass-mold interface friction and adhesion are also discussed. Moreover, the latest advancements in glass molding technologies are detailed, including new mold materials and their fabrication methods, viscoelastic constitutive modeling of glass, and microstructure molding process, as well as ultrasonic vibrationassisted molding technology.


optical microstructure microgroove microlens glass molding process single-point diamond cutting 



This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB059900) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51375050).


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© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tianfeng Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiaohua Liu
    • 2
  • Zhiqiang Liang
    • 1
  • Yang Liu
    • 2
  • Jiaqing Xie
    • 2
  • Xibin Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for Advanced MachiningBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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