Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 203–214 | Cite as

3D finite element prediction of chip flow, burr formation, and cutting forces in micro end-milling of aluminum 6061-T6

  • A. Davoudinejad
  • P. Parenti
  • M. Annoni
Research Article


Predictive models for machining operations have been significantly improved through numerous methods in recent decades. This study proposed a 3D finite element modeling (3D FEM) approach for the micro end-milling of Al6061-T6. Finite element (FE) simulations were performed under different cutting conditions to obtain realistic numerical predictions of chip flow, burr formation, and cutting forces. FE modeling displayed notable advantages, such as capability to easily handle any type of tool geometry and any side effect on chip formation, including thermal aspect and material property changes. The proposed 3D FE model considers the effects of mill helix angle and cutting edge radius on the chip. The prediction capability of the FE model was validated by comparing numerical model and experimental test results. Burr dimension trends were correlated with force profile shapes. However, the FE predictions overestimated the real force magnitude. This overestimation indicates that the model requires further development.


3D finite element modeling micro endmilling cutting force chip formation burr formation 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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