Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 325–327 | Cite as

Atomic and close-to-atomic scale manufacturing—A trend in manufacturing development

  • Fengzhou Fang


Manufacturing is the foundation of a nation’s economy. It is the primary industry to promote economic and social development. To accelerate and upgrade China’s manufacturing sector from “precision manufacturing” to “high-performance and high-quality manufacturing”, a new breakthrough should be found in terms of achieving a “leap-frog development”. Unlike conventional manufacturing, the fundamental theory of “Manufacturing 3.0” is beyond the scope of conventional theory; rather, it is based on new principles and theories at the atomic and/or closeto- atomic scale. Obtaining a dominant role at the international level is a strategic move for China’s progress.


atomic manufacturing Manufacturing 3.0 Manufacturing 2025 Industry 4.0 


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    Fang F Z, Manufacturing 3.0 (invited seminar), University College Dublin, 11 November, 2014Google Scholar
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    Fang F Z. The relevant progress of nano manufacturing basic research. Chinese Basic Science, 2014, 5: 9–15 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments, Center of MicroNano Manufacturing Technology—MNMTTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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