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The poverty evolution of typical countries along the Belt and Road and implications from China’s poverty reduction experiences

Abstract

The world is facing a poverty crisis. Despite the great achievements that have been made in poverty alleviation over the past two decades, the extent of poverty in countries along the Belt and Road is still high. Successful poverty reduction in these countries is crucial to meeting the 2030 SDGs. Improving governance to eradicate poverty is a shortcoming that needs to be addressed urgently in poverty reduction pathways along the Belt and Road. In this study, the Standard Deviational Ellipse method was used to study the spatial trajectory of the poverty gravity center. Results showed that the poverty gravity center moved from east to west by 87.60 km annually, while the poverty population decreased by 1211.14 million along the Belt and Road from 2000 to 2020. In addition, the trajectory of the center has shifted due to the different effects of poverty reduction. Among the countries situated along the Belt and Road, China is the most significant contributor to poverty reduction. Accordingly, this study examined the implications of China’s successful poverty reduction strategies in order to understand how other countries can effectively respond to poverty. Ultimately, we propose that sustainable poverty alleviation development strategies should be established with the objectives of promoting social equity and improving the wellbeing of all people.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the editors and reviewers for peer-reviewing this manuscript, and the Alliance of Poverty Reduction and Development for funding in this work.

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Correspondence to Yansui Liu.

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Foundation

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41931293

Author

Shi Linna (1991–), PhD Candidate, specialized in urban-rural Integration and rural poverty alleviation. E-mail: shiln.19b@igsnrr.ac.cn

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Shi, L., Wang, Y., Liu, Y. et al. The poverty evolution of typical countries along the Belt and Road and implications from China’s poverty reduction experiences. J. Geogr. Sci. 32, 458–476 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-022-1953-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-022-1953-1

Keywords

  • The Belt and Road Initiative
  • poverty gravity center movement
  • reduction experiences
  • targeted poverty alleviation
  • sustainability