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A hypoplastic macroelement for single vertical piles in sand subject to three-dimensional loading conditions

Abstract

This paper presents a novel macroelement for single vertical piles in sand developed within the hypo-plasticity theory, where the incremental nonlinear constitutive equations are defined in terms of generalized forces, displacements and rotations. Inspired from the macroelement for shallow foundations of Salciarini and Tamagnini (Acta Geotech, 4(3):163–176, 2009), the new element adopts the “intergranular displacement” mutuated from Niemunis and Herle (Mech Cohes Frict Mater, 2:279–299, 1997) to reproduce the behavior under cyclic loading. Analytical and numerical strategies are provided to calibrate the macroelement’s parameters. Comparisons with experimental results show the performance of the macroelement that while being simple and computational fast is suitable for finite element calculations and engineering design.

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Acknowledgments

The financial support of IFSTTAR (Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l’aménagement et des réseaux) and of the Région Pays de la Loire is gratefully acknowledged. The authors would like also to thank the valuable support and help from the technical staff of the IFSTTAR centrifuge team. The first two authors would also like to thank the SINAPS@ project (Sésisme et Installation Nucléaire: Améliorer et Pérenniser la Sureté), approved and funded by the National Agency of Research (ANR) following the RSNR 2012 call for the projects on future investments post-Fukushima (SINAPS@ ANR-11-RSNR-0022). The fourth author acknowledges the financial support provided by the ReLUIS 2014–2016 Project, founded by the Italian Department of Civil Protection. The authors wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful and constructive comments, which greatly contributed to improving the final version of the paper.

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Correspondence to Panagiotis Kotronis.

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Li, Z., Kotronis, P., Escoffier, S. et al. A hypoplastic macroelement for single vertical piles in sand subject to three-dimensional loading conditions. Acta Geotech. 11, 373–390 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11440-015-0415-7

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Keywords

  • Foundation
  • Hypoplasticity
  • Macroelement
  • Pile
  • Soil-structure interaction