Exploring desiccation cracks in soils using a 2D profile laser device

Abstract

The study of desiccation cracks in soils has been a subject of increasing attention in recent research. This paper presents the use of a 2D profile laser that is coupled with a motion controller (that allows scanning the overall surface of a drying soil) and electronic balance (to measure the water loss). The aim is to accurately track the three most relevant variables associated with the behavior of soils during desiccation: volume change, water loss and evolving crack network’s morphology. The paper presents the methodology to obtain a digital model of the soil using the experimental setup described above. The main results of a natural soil subjected to drying are presented and discussed, including evolution of cracks aperture; evolution of cracks depth, surface contour levels (at different times); and evolution of volume change. It is shown that the proposed methodology provides very useful information for studying the behavior of soils subjected to desiccation.

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Acknowledgments

The discussions with Drs Rebecca Lunn and Minna Karstunen are highly appreciated. The fifth author would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the EU-funded project RISMAC (Grant agreement: PIOF-GA-2009-254794).

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Correspondence to Marcelo Sanchez.

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Sanchez, M., Atique, A., Kim, S. et al. Exploring desiccation cracks in soils using a 2D profile laser device. Acta Geotech. 8, 583–596 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11440-013-0272-1

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Keywords

  • Drying cracks
  • Laser scanner
  • Soil desiccation
  • Volume shrinkage