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Nanostructured transition metal oxides as advanced anodes for lithium-ion batteries

纳米结构过渡金属氧化物作为锂离子电池负极材料

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  • Chemistry
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Science Bulletin

Abstract

The exploration for post-carbon electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries has been a crucial way to satisfy the ever-growing demands for better performance with higher energy/power densities, enhanced safety, and longer cycle life. Transition metal oxides have recently received a great deal of attention as very promising anode materials due to their high theoretical capacity, good safety, eco-benignity, and huge abundance. The present work reviews the latest advances in developing novel transition metal oxides, including Fe2O3, Fe3O4, Co3O4, CoO, NiO, MnO, Mn2O3, Mn3O4, MnO2, MoO3, Cr2O3, Nb2O5, and some binary oxides such as NiCo2O4, ZnCo2O4, MnCo2O4 and CoMn2O4. Nanostructuring and hybrid strategies applicable to transition metal oxides are summarized and analyzed. Furthermore, the impacts of binder choice and heat treatment on electrochemical performance are discussed.

摘要

为了满足锂离子电池的更高能量/功率密度、更长循环寿命、更好安全性能的发展需求,对于碳负极以外的新型负极材料的探索越来越重要。其中,过渡金属氧化物由于具有较高的理论比容量、较好的安全性能、储量丰富和对环境友好等优点而有望成为新一代高能量锂离子电池负极材料。本综述探讨了包括Fe2O3,Fe3O4,Co3O4,CoO,NiO,MnO,Mn2O3,Mn3O4,MnO2,MoO3,Cr2O3和Nb2O5在内的过渡金属氧化物及一些二元氧化物,如NiCo2O4,ZnCo2O4,MnCo2O4和CoMn2O4的最新研究进展。对改善过渡金属氧化物电化学性能的纳米化及合成复合材料的方法进行了总结和分析。同时,关于黏结剂的选择及热处理手段对电化学性能的影响也进行了讨论及研究。

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2013CB934103), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21173054), and Science & Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (08DZ2270500).

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Aishui Yu.

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Zhang, J., Yu, A. Nanostructured transition metal oxides as advanced anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Bull. 60, 823–838 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-015-0771-6

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