Science Bulletin

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 109–115 | Cite as

Nanobowl optical concentrator for efficient light trapping and high-performance organic photovoltaics

  • Yongcai Qiu
  • Siu-Fung Leung
  • Qianpeng Zhang
  • Cheng Mu
  • Bo Hua
  • He Yan
  • Shihe YangEmail author
  • Zhiyong FanEmail author
Article Engineering Sciences


Geometrical light trapping is a simple and promising strategy to largely improve the optical absorption and efficiency of solar cell. Nonetheless, implementation of geometrical light trapping in organic photovoltaic is challenging due to the fact that uniform organic active layer can rarely be achieved on textured substrate. In this work, squarely ordered nanobowl array (SONA) is reported for the first time and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM):poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-based organic photovoltaic (OPV) device on SONA demonstrated over 28 % enhancement in power conversion efficiency over the planar counterpart. Interestingly, finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) optical simulation revealed that the superior light trapping by SONA originated from optical concentrator effect by nanobowl. Furthermore, aiming at low-cost, solution processible, and resource sustainable flexible solar cells, we employed Ag nanowires for the top transparent conducting electrode. This work not only revealed the in-depth understanding of light trapping by nanobowl optical concentrator, but also demonstrated the feasibility of implementing geometrical light trapping in OPV.


Nanobowl Optical concentrator Anodic aluminum oxide Flexible photovoltaic Organic solar cells 


几何陷光是一种简单且极具希望成为大幅度提高太阳能电池的光吸收和效率的方案. 然而, 由于很难在粗糙的衬底上均匀涂敷有机吸光层, 在有机光伏电池中实现几何陷光非常具有挑战性. 本文报道了一种基于方形排序的纳米碗阵列(SONA)的PCBM:P3HT有机光伏电池。这种电池比相应的基于平面阵列的电池在光电能量转换效率方面提高了28 %以上. 时域有限差分法(FDTD)光学模拟显示, SONA优越的陷光性能源自于纳米碗阵列的聚光效应. 此外, 为了实现低成本、可湿法加工、资源可持续性的柔性太阳能电池, 本文采用了银纳米线作为顶部透明电极. 本研究不仅深入展示了基于纳米碗聚光器的高效陷光效应, 还解释了在有机光伏电池中实现几何陷光的可行性.



This work was supported by the HK-RGC General Research Funds (HKUST 605710, 604809, 612111, 612113), and partially supported by ITS/117/13 from Hong Kong Innovation Technology Commission.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11434_2014_693_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1319 kb)


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongcai Qiu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Siu-Fung Leung
    • 2
  • Qianpeng Zhang
    • 2
  • Cheng Mu
    • 1
  • Bo Hua
    • 2
  • He Yan
    • 1
  • Shihe Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhiyong Fan
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of Electronic and Computer EngineeringThe Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina

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