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Stature of Han Chinese dialect groups: a most recent survey

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  • Life & Medical Sciences
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Science Bulletin


The height of 26,940 Chinese Han adults (16,503 rural and 10,437 urban adults) from 11 Han ethnic groups was measured and analyzed in the current survey. The top three highest dialect groups in rural Han populations are Jianghuai (male 167.3 ± 6.4 cm, female 156.5 ± 5.6 cm), North China (male 167.3 ± 6.4 cm, female 155.7 ± 5.7 cm), and Wu (male 166.7 ± 6.9 cm, female 155.6 ± 5.9 cm) groups. In urban Han populations, the top three groups are as follows: the Northeast China (male 169.5 ± 6.7 cm, female 158.0 ± 6.1 cm), North China (male 168.5 ± 6.2 cm, female 157.3 ± 5.8 cm), and Jianghuai (male 169.2 ± 6.2 cm, female 157.1 ± 5.6 cm) dialect groups. The Gan dialect group (male 164.0 ± 6.3 cm, female 153.9 ± 5.0 cm) was the shortest in both rural and urban groups. The different stature of Han dialect groups may be a result of interaction between genetic background and different environmental factors, labor intensity, diet composition and nutrition intake in different areas in China.


2009 年~2013 年在中国测量了26 940 例汉族成年人的身高值, 其中乡村汉族人16 503 例, 城市成人10 437 例, 对11 个汉语方言族群成年人的身高进行了分析。乡村汉族中, 江淮方 言族群 (男性167.3±6.4cm, 女性156.5±5.6cm) 身材最高, 华北方言族群 (男性167.3±6.4cm, 女性155.7±5.7cm)、吴语族群 (男性166.7±6.9cm, 女性155.6±5.9cm) 身材较高。城市汉 族中, 东北方言族群 (男性169.5±6.7cm, 女性158.0±6.1cm) 身高最高, 华北方言族群 (男 性168.5±6.2cm, 女性157.3±5.8cm)、江淮方言族群 (男性169.2±6.2cm, 女性157.1±5.6cm) 身材较高。在农村和城市族群, 赣语族群 (男164.0±6.3cm, 女性153.9±5.0cm) 身高最低。 汉语方言族群身高的不同是遗传背景、不同的环境因素以及中国各地劳动强度, 饮食结构和 营养摄入量之间相互作用的结果。

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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30830062).

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Lianbin Zheng.

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Yonglan Li, Lianbin Zheng and Huanjiu Xi contributed equally to this work.

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Li, Y., Zheng, L., Xi, H. et al. Stature of Han Chinese dialect groups: a most recent survey. Sci. Bull. 60, 565–569 (2015).

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