Poly(benzyl ether) dendrons without conventional gelation motifs as a new kind of effective organogelators
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Two poly(benzyl ether) dendrons, decorated in their periphery with nitrile groups, were divergently synthesized and fully characterized. Their gelation properties were studied by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray crystal structure analysis and concentration- and temperature-dependent 1H NMR spectroscopy. It was found that the gelation capability of these dendrons was highly dependent on dendron generation, and the second-generation dendron G2-CN proved to be highly efficient organogelator despite the lacking of any conventional gelation motifs, such as amides, long alkyl side chains and steroidal groups. The multiple strong π-π stacking interactions and hydrogen bonding interactions due to the peripheral isophthalonitrile motifs were proved to be the main driving forces to form the self-assembled gel.
Keywordsdendron organogelator self-assembly
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