Chinese Science Bulletin

, 56:3220 | Cite as

Effects of autumn-winter Arctic sea ice on winter Siberian High

  • BingYi WuEmail author
  • JingZhi Su
  • RenHe Zhang
Open Access
Article Atmospheric Science


The intensity of the winter Siberian High has significantly negative correlations with Arctic sea ice concentration anomalies from the previous autumn to winter seasons in the Eastern Arctic Ocean and Siberian marginal seas. Our results indicate that autumn-winter Arctic sea ice concentration and concurrent sea surface temperature anomalies are responsible for the winter Siberian High and surface air temperature anomalies over the mid-high latitudes of Eurasia and East Asia. Numerical experiments also support this conclusion, and consistently show that the low sea ice concentration causes negative surface air temperature anomalies over the mid-high latitudes of Eurasia. A mechanism is proposed to explain the association between autumn-winter sea ice concentration and winter Siberian High. Our results also show that September sea ice concentration provides a potential precursor for winter Siberian High that cannot be predicted using only tropical sea surface temperatures. In the last two decades (1990–2009), a strengthening trend of winter Siberian High along with a decline trend in surface air temperature in the mid-high latitudes of the Asian Continent have favored the recent frequent cold winters over East Asia. The reason for these short-term trends in winter Siberian High and surface air temperature are discussed.


Arctic sea ice Siberian High East Asian climate frequent cold winter 


  1. 1.
    Screen J A, Simmonds I. The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification. Nature, 2010, 464: 1334–1337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kumar A, Perlwitz J, Eischeid J, et al. Contribution of sea ice loss to Arctic amplification. Geophys Res Lett, 2010, 37: L21701, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alexander M A, Bhatt U S, Walsh J E. The atmospheric response to realistic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter. J Clim, 2004, 17: 890–905CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Deser C, Magnusdottir G, Saravanan R. The effects of North Atlantic SST and sea ice anomalies on the winter circulation in CCM3. Part II: Direct and indirect components of the response. J Clim, 2004, 17: 877–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Deser C, Tomas R A, Peng S. The transient atmospheric circulation response to North Atlantic SST and sea ice anomalies. J Clim, 2007, 20: 4751–4767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Magnusdottir G, Derser C, Saravanan R. The effects of North Atlantic SST and sea ice anomalies in the winter circulation in CCM3. Part I: Main features and storm track characteristics of the response. J Clim, 2004, 17: 857–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Honda M, Yamazaki K, Nakamura H, et al. Dynamic and thermodynamic characteristics of atmospheric response to anomalous sea-ice extent in the Sea of Okhotsk. J Clim, 1999, 12: 3347–3358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Honda M, Inous J, Yamane S. Influence of low Arctic sea-ice minima on anomalously cold Eurasian winters. Geophys Res Lett, 2009, 36: L08707, doi:10.1029/2008GL037079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu B Y, Huang R H, Gao D Y. Effects of variation of winter sea-ice area in Kara and Barents seas on East Asian winter monsoon. Acta Meteorol Sin, 1999, 13: 141–153Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Petoukhov V, Semenov V A. A link between reduced Barents-Kara sea ice and cold winter extremes over northern continents. J Geophys Res, 2010, 115: D21111, doi: 10.1029/2009JD013568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Francis J A, Chan W, Leathers D J, et al. Winter north hemisphere weather patterns remember summer Arctic sea-ice extent. Geophys Res Lett, 2009, 36: L07503, doi:10.1029/2009GL037274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ding Y H, Krishnamurti T N. Heat budget of Siberian High and winter monsoon. Mon Weather Rev, 1987, 115: 2428–2449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ding Y H. Build-up, air mass transformation and propagation of Siberian High and its relation to cold surge in east Asia. Meteorol Atmos Phys, 1990, 44: 281–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wu B Y, Zhang R H, D’Arrigo R. Distinct modes of the East Asian winter monsoon. Mon Weather Rev, 2006, 134: 2165–2179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gong D Y, Wang S W, Zhu J H. East Asian winter monsoon and Arctic Oscillation. Geophys Res Lett, 2001, 10: 2073–2076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wu B Y, Wang J. Winter Arctic Oscillation, Siberian High and East Asian winter monsoon. Geophys Res Lett, 2002, 29,19: 1897, doi: 10.1029/2002GL015373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Balmaseda M, Ferrantic L, Molteni F, et al. Impact of 2007 and 2008 Arctic ice anomalies on the atmospheric circulation: Implications forlong-range predictions. Quart J Roy Meteor Soc, 2010, 136: 1655–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Onogi K, Tsutsui J, Koide H, et al. The JRA-25 Reanalysis. J Meteorol Soc Jpn, 2007, 85: 369–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Smith T, Reynolds R. Extended reconstruction of global sea surface temperature based on COADS data (1854–1997). J Clim, 2003, 16: 1495–1510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Armstrong R L, Brodzik M J, Knowles K, et al. Global monthly EASE-Grid snow water equivalent climatology. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center, 2007, Digital mediaGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Roeckner E, Bäuml G, Bonaventura L, et al. The atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM5. Part I: Model description, Rep. 349, Max Planck Inst For Meteorol, Hamburg, Germany, 2003Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Deser C, Phillips A S. Atmospheric circulation trends, 1950–2000: The relative roles of sea surface temperature forcing and direct atmospheric radiative forcing. J Clim, 2009, 22: 396–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Li S. Impact of Northwest Atlantic SST anomalies on the circulation over the Ural Mountains during early winter. J Meteorol Soc Jpn, 2004, 82: 971–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Takaya K, Nakamuta H. Mechanisms of intraseasonal amplification of the cold Siberian High. J Atmos Sci, 2005, 62: 4423–4439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cohen J, Entekhabi D. Eurasian snow cover variability and northern hemisphere climate predictability. Geophys Res Lett, 1999, 26: 345–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Polyakov I, Johnson M. Arctic decadal and interdecadal variability. Geophys Res Lett, 2000, 27: 4097–4100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Polyakov I, Alekseev G, Timokhov L, et al. Variability of the intermediate Atlantic water of the Arctic Ocrean over the last 100 years. J Clim, 2004, 17: 4485–4497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mysak L A, Manak D K, Marsden R F. Sea-ice anomalies observed in the Greenland and Labrador Seas during 1901–1984 and their relation to an interdecadal Arctic climate cycle. Clim Dyn, 1990, 5: 111–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mysak L A, Venegas S A. Decadal climate oscillation in the Arctic: A new feedback loop for atmosphere-ice-ocean interactions. Geophys Res Lett, 1998, 25: 3607–3610CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2011

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chinese Academy of Meteorological SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations