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On linking climate to Chinese dynastic change: Spatial and temporal variations of monsoonal rain

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  • Atmospheric Science
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Chinese Science Bulletin

Abstract

The causal correlation or linkage between the East Asian Monsoon (EAM) intensity and rise/fall of Chinese dynasties recently proposed by high-resolution paleoclimate reconstructions is examined in detail. Aside from many exceptions to the correlation, both instrumental and historical climate records show strong spatial variations of rainfall on annual-to-decadal scales over eastern China. The relationship between rainfall and EAM intensity also exhibits regional disparity. These observations suggest: (1) Taking paleo-proxy records from a single locality in eastern China to imply changes in drought/wetness as to affect the cultural and political history of China is fraught with uncertainty. (2) On annual-to-decadal scales, the thesis that δ18O in speleothems can be used as a proxy for the EAM strength lacks empirical underpinnings.

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Supported by the Science Council of Taiwan (NSC 97-2628-M-006-014) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 40672202 and 40599424).

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Zhang, D., Li, HC., Ku, TL. et al. On linking climate to Chinese dynastic change: Spatial and temporal variations of monsoonal rain. Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 77–83 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-009-0584-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-009-0584-6

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