Advertisement

Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 72–76 | Cite as

Middle Pleistocene mammalian fauna of Shanyangzhai cave in Qinhuangdao area, China and its zoogeographical significance

  • YunXiang Zhang
  • YongXiang Li
  • Wei Wang
  • HuJun Gong
Articles Geology

Abstract

The mammalian fauna with clear characteristics of transitional region has been found in the Shanyangzhai cave of the Qinhuangdao area where the three Chinese zoogeographical regions (the Northeast region, the North region and the Mengxin region) join. Abundant fossils mainly are small mammals. The fauna includes typical species derived from three zoogeographical regions and can be compared with the middle Pleistocene faunas found in both the Zhoukoudian (the North region) and the Jinniushan (Northeast region) faunas. Of 53 kinds of mammals identified at the site, 38 kinds can be seen on the list of the middle Pleistocene Zhoukoudian and the Jinniushan faunas, of which 29 kinds are the same as those in the Zhoukoudian fauna and 25 are in the Jinniushan fauna, 7 in the Salawusu fauna and account for 76%, 66% and 18% of the total, respectively. It is suggested based on the consistence of the constitution of the fauna and its recent zoogeographic division that the three regions in north China could be initially formed during the middle Pleistocene.

Keywords

mammalian fauna zoogeographical division middle Pleistocene Qinhuangdao Shanyangzhai cave 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Youny C C. On the Insectivora, Chiroptera, Rodentia and Primates other than Sinanthropus from Locaality 1 at Choukoutien. Pal Ser C, 1934, 8: 58–70Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zheng S H. Micromammals from the Hexian Man locality (in Chinese). Vertebrata Palasiatica, 1983, 21: 230–238Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang S S, et al. Comprehensive study on the Jinniushan paleolithic site (in Chinese). Memoirs of Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Acdemia Sinica, No.19. Beijing: Science Press, 1993. 1–164Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang W B. Cave deposit and fissure-filling sequence of China (in Chinese). Quat Sci, 2000, 20: 155–164Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reynolds S C, Clarke R J, Kuman K A. The view from the Lincoln Cave: mid- to late Pleistocene fossil deposits from Sterkfontein hominid site, South Africa. J Human Evol, 2007, 53: 260–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rajeev P, Badamb G L, Murtyc M L K. Additional vertebrate remains from one of the Late Pleistocene-Holocene Kurnool Caves (Muchchatla Chintamanu Gavi) of South India. Quat Int, 2008, 192: 43–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Doris D, Stephan K, Wilfried R. Dated paleontological cave sites of Central Europe from Late Middle Pleistocene to early Upper Pleistocene (OIS 5 to OIS 8). Quat Int, 2008, 187: 97–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sun S C. The Geological Survey, Geological Teaching Practice Guidelines in Shimenzhai Area (in Chinese). Beijing: Seismological Press, 1992. 70–73Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Niu P S, Zhang Y J, Fa L. Formation period and environment of speleothem in the Liujiang basin inferred from the Shanyangzhai mammal fossils (in Chinese). Mar Geol Quat Geol, 2003, 23: 117–122Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Qi G Q. Quaternary mammalian fossils from Salawusu river district, Neimongol (in Chinese). Vertebrata Palasiatica, 1975, 13: 239–249Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sun Y F, Jin C Z, Xu Q Q, et al. Dalian Haimao fauna (in Chinese). Dalian: Dalian university of Technology press, 1992. 1–137Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhou X X, Sun Y F, Wang J M. A new mammalian fauna found Gulongshan, Dalian (in Chinese). Vertebrata Palasiatica, 1984, 22: 151–156Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bien M N. On the Fossil Pisces, Amphibia and Reptilia from Choukoutien Localities 1 and 3. Pal Sin Ser C, 1934, 10: 14–15Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li Y X, Xue X X. The first appearance of Tinosaurus fossil in the quaternary (in Chinese). Vertebrata Palasiatica, 2002, 40: 34–41Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li Y X, Xue X X, Liu H J. Fossil lizards of Qinling Mountains (in Chinese). Vertebrata Palasiatica, 2004, 42: 171–176Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang R Z. Zoogeography of China (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press, 1999. 229–347Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Xue X X, Zhang Y X. Zoogeographical divisions of Quaternary mammalian faunas in China (in Chinese). Acta Theriologica Sinica, 1994, 14: 15–23Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zheng J J, Xu Q Q, Jin C Z. The divided and geographical distribution of the Chinese northern mammalian faunas during the late Pleistocene (in Chinese). J Stratigraphy, 1992, 16: 171–181Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tong H W. Mammalian faunal differentiations between North and South China during the Quaternary Period. L’anthropologie, 2006, 110: 870–887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zheng S H, Han D F. Quaternary mammals of China. In: Qauternary Geology and Environment in China (ed. Liu Tongsheng). Beijing: Science Press, 1991. 101–114Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ji H X. The divided and geographical distribution of mammalian faunas during the Quaternary in China (in Chinese). J Stratigraphy, 1987, 11: 91–102Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Museum of Liaoning Province and Museum of Benxi City. A Site of Early Paleolithic in Benxi County, Liaoning(in Chinese). Beijing: Wenwu Press, 1986. 1–102Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • YunXiang Zhang
    • 1
  • YongXiang Li
    • 1
  • Wei Wang
    • 1
  • HuJun Gong
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics Department of GeologyNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations