Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 72–76 | Cite as

Middle Pleistocene mammalian fauna of Shanyangzhai cave in Qinhuangdao area, China and its zoogeographical significance

  • YunXiang Zhang
  • YongXiang LiEmail author
  • Wei Wang
  • HuJun Gong
Articles Geology


The mammalian fauna with clear characteristics of transitional region has been found in the Shanyangzhai cave of the Qinhuangdao area where the three Chinese zoogeographical regions (the Northeast region, the North region and the Mengxin region) join. Abundant fossils mainly are small mammals. The fauna includes typical species derived from three zoogeographical regions and can be compared with the middle Pleistocene faunas found in both the Zhoukoudian (the North region) and the Jinniushan (Northeast region) faunas. Of 53 kinds of mammals identified at the site, 38 kinds can be seen on the list of the middle Pleistocene Zhoukoudian and the Jinniushan faunas, of which 29 kinds are the same as those in the Zhoukoudian fauna and 25 are in the Jinniushan fauna, 7 in the Salawusu fauna and account for 76%, 66% and 18% of the total, respectively. It is suggested based on the consistence of the constitution of the fauna and its recent zoogeographic division that the three regions in north China could be initially formed during the middle Pleistocene.


mammalian fauna zoogeographical division middle Pleistocene Qinhuangdao Shanyangzhai cave 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • YunXiang Zhang
    • 1
  • YongXiang Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei Wang
    • 1
  • HuJun Gong
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics Department of GeologyNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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