Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 183–188 | Cite as

Phase field simulation of monotectic transformation for liquid Ni-Cu-Pb alloys

  • BingChi Luo
  • HaiPeng Wang
  • BingBo WeiEmail author
Articles/Condensed State Physics


Based on the subregular solution model, the liquid phase separation of ternary (Ni x Cu100−x )50Pb50 monotectic alloys is simulated by the phase field method. It is found that if the surface segregation potential is not incorporated, the dynamic morphologies of alloy melt show a transition from disperse microstructure into bicontinuous microstructure with the increase of fluidity parameter. When the surface segregation potential is coupled, Pb-rich phase migrates preferentially to the surface of the liquid alloy, and the Ni-rich phase depends on the Pb-rich phase to nucleate. With the extension of the phase separation time, the surface layer is formed through coagulation and growth, and its thickness gradually increases. The Ni-rich phase migrates to the central part, and finally a two-layer core-shell microstructure is produced. The concentration in the surface layer fluctuates more conspicuously than that inside the bulk phase, which subsequently transfers from the surface to the interior by a wave. The fluid field near the liquid-liquid interface is strong at the beginning of phase separation, and reduces later on. The surface segregation is essential to the formation of the surface layer, concentration profile variation, fluid field distribution and phase separation morphology.


phase separation surface segregation phase field simulation monotectic alloy 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysicsNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

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