Skip to main content
Log in

New focuses of polar ice-core study: NEEM and Dome A

  • Progress/Geography
  • Published:
Chinese Science Bulletin

Abstract

Ice core records from polar regions are of great value to study long-term climate and environmental change. Greenland ice-core records are celebrated for their high resolution and have provided very important knowledge for understanding the late Quaternary palaeoclimate, especially in reference to millennial-scale abrupt climatic flips during the last glaciation. Recently, a new project to retrieve a deep ice-core from Greenland known as NEEM for North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling, has been launched with the main target being the last interglacial period. The new core will help us understand further details of climate changes during a period of warmth as the present. Antarctic ice cores have a unique advantage in providing recovery of longer time-scale paleclimate information and hence are regarded as a crucial pillar to examine climatic cycles on the time-scale of Earth-orbital phenomena. Since the bottom ice in Dome A is estimated to be older than a million years, a deep drilling there becomes a new focus for ice core studies.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Dansgaard W, Johnsen S J, Clausen H B, et al. Evidence for general instability of past climate from a 250-kyr ice-core record. Nature, 1993, 364: 218–220

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. GRIP Project Members. Climate instability during the last interglacial period recorded in the GRIP ice core. Nature, 1993, 364: 203–207

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Grootes P M, Stuiver M, White J W C, et al. Comparison of oxygen isotope records from the GISP2 and GRIP Greenland ice cores. Nature, 1993, 366: 552–554

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Petit J R, Jouzel J, Raynaud D, et al. Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature, 1999, 399: 429–436

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Watanabe O, Jouzel J, Johnsen S J, et al. Homogeneous climate variability across East Antarctica over the past three glacial cycles. Nature, 2003, 422: 509–512

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. EPICA Community Members. Eight glacial cycles from an Antarctic ice core. Nature, 2004, 429: 623–629

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Dansgaard W, Johnsen S J. A flow model and time scale for the ice core from Camp Century, Greenland. J Glaciol, 1969, 8: 215–223

    Google Scholar 

  8. Paterson W S B, Koerner R M, Fisher D A, et al. An oxygen-isotope climatic record from the Devon Island ice cap, Arctic Cananda. Nature, 1977, 266: 508–511

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Dansgaard W, Clausen H B, Gundestrup N, et al. A new Greenland deep ice core. Science, 1982, 218: 1273–1277

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Ditlevsen P D, Svensmark H, Johnsen S J. Contrasting atmospheric and climate dynamics of the last-glacial and Holocene periods. Nature, 1996, 379: 810–812

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Johnsen S J, Clausen H B, Dansgaard W, et al. The Eem stable isotope record along the GRIP ice core and its interpretation. Quat Res, 1995, 43: 117–124

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Taylor K C, Mayewski P A, Alley R B, et al. The Holocene-Younger Dryas transition recorded at summit, Greenland. Science, 1997, 278: 825–827

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Alley R B, Gow A J, Meese D A, et al. Grain-scale processes, folding and stratigraphic disturbance in the GISP2 ice core. J Geophys Res, 1997, 102(C12): 26819–26830

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. North Greenland Ice Core Project Members. High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period. Nature, 2004, 431: 147–151

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. IPCC. Climate change 2007: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007

    Google Scholar 

  16. Robin G de Q, ed. The Climate Record in Polar Ice Sheets. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 196

    Google Scholar 

  17. Lorius C, Jouzel J, Ritz C, et al. A 150,000-year climatic record from Antarctic ice. Nature, 1985, 316: 591–596

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Jouzel J, Lorius C, Petit J R, et al. Vostok ice core: a continous isotope temperature record over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years). Nature, 1987, 329: 403–409

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Masson-Delmotte V, Jouzel J, Parrenin F B, et al. EPICA Dome C: 800 000 years of climate and environmental history and relationship with orbital parameters (Abstract). Fourth Mars Polar Science Conference, 2006. 8108

  20. Grootes P M, Steig E J, Stuiver M, et al. The Taylor Dome Antarctic 18O record and globally synchronous changes in climate. Quat Res, 2001, 56: 289–298

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Goto-Azuma K. A 720 kyr ice core chemistry record from Dome Fuji, Antarctica (Abstract). The Ice and Climate Session of IUGG Conference in Perugia, Italy, 9–13 July, 2007

  22. Bassinot F C, Labeyrie L D, Vincent E, et al. The astronomical theory of climate and the age of the Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic reversal. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 1994, 126: 91–108

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Xiao C D, Ren J W, Hou S G, et al. Surface characteristics at Dome A (Antarctica) obtained during the first field investigations in 2004/05: a guide to future ice-coring sites. Ann Glaciol, 2008 (in press)

  24. Hou S G, Li Y S, Xiao C D, et al. Recent accumulation rate at Dome A, Antarctica. Chin Sci Bull, 2007, 52(3): 428–431

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Xiao C D, Li Y S, Hou S G, et al. Reliminary evidences indicate Dome A (Antarctica) satisfying preconditions for drilling the oldest ice core. Chin Sci Bull, 2007, 52(20): 2456–2460

    Google Scholar 

  26. Nature. China set to drill for Antarctica’s oldest ice. Nature, 2006, 444: 255

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Jones N. Polar research: buried treasure. Nature, 2007, 446: 126–128

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to JiaWen Ren.

Additional information

Supported by Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KZCX2-SW-354) and National Key Technology Research and Development Program (Grant No. 2006BAB18B01)

About this article

Cite this article

Ren, J., Xiao, C., Hou, S. et al. New focuses of polar ice-core study: NEEM and Dome A. Chin. Sci. Bull. 54, 1009–1011 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-009-0012-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-009-0012-y

Keywords

Navigation