Advertisement

Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 52, Issue 20, pp 2829–2836 | Cite as

The early Holocene optimum inferred from a high-resolution pollen record of Huguangyan Maar Lake in southern China

  • Wang ShuYun 
  • Lü HouYuan 
  • Liu JiaQi 
  • Jörg F. W. Negendank
Articles Geology

Abstract

A high-resolution pollen record of the past 13000 a from Huguangyan Maar Lake reveals the vegetation and environment changes in southern China during the Holocene. It shows that (i) pollen percentage of trees and shrubs reached 56% during the early Holocene (11600–7800 cal a BP), of which the pollen percentage of tropical trees reached a maximum at 9500-8000 cal a BP, reflecting a hot and wet environment; (ii) during the mid-Holocene (7800–4200 cal a BP), the pollen percentage of montane coniferous trees and herbs increased, while the percentage of tropical-subtropical trees decreased, indicating lower temperature and humidity; (iii) in the late Holocene spanning from 4200 to 350 cal a BP, the pollen percentage of herbs and montane conifer increased significantly, indicating a marked decrease of temperature and humidity. Our pollen data reveal that the time period 9500–8000 cal a BP in southern China represents a climatic optimum for the Holocene characterized by hot and wet conditions. This is consistent with the Holocene optimum found in lower latitude regions globally. We speculate that strong insolation might cause the northward migration of the ITCZ and subtropical summer monsoon front, which resulted in an early Holocene optimum in the Huguangyan area. The dry tendency and climate fluctuations of the middle and late Holocene could be associated with a decrease in solar insolation and frequent ENSO event.

Keywords

Holocene optimum pollen analysis Huguangyan Maar Lake 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Zhu K Z. Study on the climate changes during the past 5000 years in China. J Archaeol (in Chinese), 1972, (1): 15–38Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shi Y F, Kong Z C, Wang S M, et al. The climatic fluctuation and important events of Holocene Megathermal in China. Sci China Ser B, 1994, 37(3): 353–365Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wu X H, An Z S, Wang S M, et al. The temporal and spatial variation of East-Asian summer monsoon in Holocene Optimum in China. Quat Sci (in Chinese), 1994, (1): 24–37Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    An Z S, Porter S C, Kutzbach J E, et al. Asynchronous Holocene optimum of the East Asian monsoon. Quat Sci Rev, 2000, 19(8):743–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zheng Z, Wang J H, Wang B, et al. High-resolution records of Holocene from the Shuangchi Maar Lake in Hainan Island. Chin Sci Bull, 2003, 48(5): 497–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Huang C C, Zhou J, Pang J L, et al. A regional aridity phase and its possible cultural impact during the Holocene Magathermal in the Guanzhong Basin, China. Holocene, 2000, 10(1): 135–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shao X H, Wang Y J, Cheng H, et al. Long-term trend and abrupt events of the Holocene Asian monsoon inferred from a stalagmite δ 18O record from Shennongjia in Central China. Chin Sci Bull, 2006, 51(2): 221–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhou W J, Yu X F, Jull A J T, et al. High-resolution evidence from southern China of an early Holocene optimum and a mid-Holocene dry event during the past 18000 years. Quat Res, 2004, 62(1): 39–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yang C F, Jiao X L, Peng C. The tropical belt of convergence and the climate of South China Sea. Mar Sci Bull (in Chinese), 2003, 22(6): 83–87Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang W Y, Liu J Q, Liu T S, et al. The two-step monsoon changes of the last deglaciation recorded in tropical Maar Lake Huguangyan, southern China. Chin Sci Bull, 2000, 45(16): 1529–1532Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu J Q, Lü H Y, Negendank J, et al. Periodicity of Holocene climatic variations in the Huguangyan Maar Lake. Chin Sci Bull, 2000, 45(18): 1712–1717Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chu G Q, Liu J Q, Sun Q, et al. The ‘Mediaeval Warm Period’ drought recorded in Lake Huguangyan, tropical south China. Holocene, 2002, 12(5): 511–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lü H Y, Liu J Q, Chu G Q, et al. A study of pollen and environment in the Huguangyan Maar Lake since the last Glaciation. Acta Palaeontol Sin (in Chinese), 2003, 42(2): 284–291Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fuhrmann A, Mingram J, Lücke A, et al. Variations in organic matter composition in sediments from Lake Huguang Maar (Huguangyan), South China during the last 68 ka: Implications for environmental and climatic change. Org Geochem, 2003, 34(11): 1497–1515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mingram J, Schettler G, Nowaczyk N R, et al. The Huguang Maar Lake—A high-resolution record of palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic changes over the last 78000 years from South China. Quat Res, 2004, 122(1): 85–107Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liu Q, Gu Z Y, Liu J Q, et al. Bulk organic carbon isotopic record of Huguangyan Maar Lake, Southeastern China and its paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental significance since 62 ka BP. Mar Geol Quat Geol (in Chinese), 2005, 25(2): 115–126Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang S Y, Lü H Y, Liu J Q. Timing of the last deglacial warming in low and middle latitudes of china: Compared with bipolar ice core. Quat Sci (in Chinese), 2006, 26(2): 283–292Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Guo Z F, Liu J Q, Chu G Q. Composition and origin of tephra of the Huguangyan Maar Lake. Quat Sci (in Chinese), 2002, 22(3): 266–272Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yancheva G, Nowaczyk N R, Mingram J, et al. Influence of the Intertropical Convergence Zone on the East Asian monsoon. Nature, 2007, 445: 74–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang Y J, Cheng H, Edwards R L, et al. A high-resolution absolute-dated late Pleistocene monsoon record from Hulu Cave, China. Science, 2001, 294: 2345–2348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Demske D, Heumann G, Granoszewski W, et al. Late glacial and Holocene vegetation and regional climate variability evidenced in high-resolution pollen records from Lake Baikal. Glob Planet Change, 2005, 46(1–4): 255–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu G, Han H Y. Simulations of pollen and tropical vegetation of surface soil in Hainan Island, China. Mar Geol Quat Geol (in Chinese), 1998, 18(3): 103–112Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang F X, Qian N F, Zhang Y L, et al. Pollen Flora of China (in Chinese). 2nd ed. Beijing: Science Press, 1995. 31–32Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sun X J, Wu Y S. Distribution and quantity of sporopollen and algae in surface sediments of the Dianchi Lake,Yunnan Province. Mar Geol Quat Geol (in Chinese), 1987, 7(4): 81–92Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang H, Zheng Z, Wang J H, et al. Climate changes for the last 2500 years based on Pediastrum record from Hainan Island. Trop Geogr (in Chinese), 2004, 24(2): 109–123Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yu K F, Liu D S, Shen C D, et al. High-frequency climatic oscillations recorded in a Holocene coral reef at Leizhou Peninsula, South China Sea. Sci China Ser D-Earth Sci, 2002, 45(12): 1057–1068CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Xiao J L, Wu J T, SI B, et al. Holocene climate changes in the monsoon/arid transition reflected by carbon concentration in Daihai Lake of Inner Mongolia. Holocene, 2006, 16(4): 551–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gasse F. Hydrological changes in the African tropics since the last glacial maximum. Quat Sci Rev, 2000, 19: 189–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Fleitmann D, Burns S J, Mudelsee M, et al. Holocene forcing of the Indian Monsoon recorded in a stalagmite from Southern Oman. Science, 2003, 300: 1737–1739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Elise Van Campo. Monsoon fluctuations in two 20000-yr BP Oxygen-isotope/pollen records off Southwest India. Quat Res, 1986, 26(3): 376–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang L S, Fang X Q, Ren G Y. Global Change (in Chinese). Beijing: Higher Education Press: 2000. 180–183Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dykoski C A, Edwards R L, Cheng H, et al. A high-resolution, absolute-dated Holocene and deglacial Asian monsoon record from Dongge Cave, China. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 2005, 233(1–2): 71–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hong Y T, Hong B, Lin Q H, et al. Inverse phase oscillations between the East Asian and Indian Ocean summer monsoons during the last 12000 years and paleo-El Niño. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 2005, 231(3–4): 337–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gupta A K, Anderson D M, Overpeck J T. Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 2003, 421: 354–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Chen F H, Huang X Z, Yang M L, et al. Westerly dominated Holocene climate model in arid central Asia—case study on Bosten Lake, Xinjiang, China. Quat Sci (in Chinese), 2006, 26(6): 881–887Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wright Jr H E, Kutzbach J, Webb E T, et al. III Global climates since the last glacial maximum. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. 468–513Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hastenrath S, Greischar L. Circulation mechanisms related to northeast Brazil rainfall anomalies. J Geophys Res, 1993, 98: 5093–5102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Guo Z T, Petit-Maire N, Kropelin S. Holocene non-orbital climatic events in present-day arid areas of northern Africa and China. Glob Planet Change, 2000, 26: 97–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gasse F, Van Campo E. Abrupt post-glacial climate events in West Asia and North Africa monsoon domains. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 1994, 126: 435–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Huang J. Impact of ENSO on the tropical cyclones affecting Guangdong. Meteorol Monthly (in Chinese), 2006, 32(9): 55–59Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Liu J X, Shi N. Climatic characters and changes of tropical precipitation fields during 1948–2003. J Nanjing Institute Meteorol (in Chinese), 2006, 29(5): 627–634Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Haug G H, Hughen K A, Sigman D M, et al. Southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone through the Holocene. Science, 2001, 293: 1304–1308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Moy C M, Seltzer G O, Rodbell D T, et al. Variability of El Niño/Southern Oscillation activity at millennial timescales during the Holocene epoch. Nature, 2002, 420: 162–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    An C B, Feng Z D, Barton L. Dry or humid? Mid-Holocene humidity changes in arid and semi-arid China. Quat Sci Rev, 2006, 25(3–4): 351–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang ShuYun 
    • 1
  • Lü HouYuan 
    • 1
  • Liu JiaQi 
    • 1
  • Jörg F. W. Negendank
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ)PotsdamGermany

Personalised recommendations