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Chip-scale spontaneous quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in a micro-racetrack resonator

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Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate efficient spontaneous quasi-phase matched (SQPM) second harmonic generation (SHG) in a micro-racetrack resonator on X-cut thin film lithium niobate. Our approach does not involve poling, but exploits the anisotropy of the crystals to allow the phase-matching condition to be fulfilled spontaneously as the TE-polarized light circulates in a specifically designed racetrack resonator. In experiment, normalized on-chip conversion efficiencies of 1.01 × 10−4/W and 0.43 × 10−4/W are achieved by 37th-order and 111th-order SQPM, respectively. The configurable SQPM will benefit the application of nonlinear frequency conversion and quantum source generation in chip-scale integrated photonics compatible with standard CMOS fabrication processes.

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Correspondence to Yuping Chen.

Additional information

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2019YFB2203501), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12134009, and 91950107), Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (Grant No. 2019SHZDZX01-ZX06), and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) (Grant No. 21X010200828).

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Yuan, T., Wu, J., Liu, Y. et al. Chip-scale spontaneous quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in a micro-racetrack resonator. Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 66, 284211 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11433-023-2145-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11433-023-2145-6

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