Entropy method of measuring and evaluating periodicity of quasi-periodic trajectories

  • Yanshuo Ni
  • Konstantin Turitsyn
  • Hexi Baoyin
  • Li Junfeng


This paper presents a method for measuring the periodicity of quasi-periodic trajectories by applying discrete Fourier transform (DFT) to the trajectories and analyzing the frequency domain within the concept of entropy. Having introduced the concept of entropy, analytical derivation and numerical results indicate that entropies increase as a logarithmic function of time. Periodic trajectories typically have higher entropies, and trajectories with higher entropies mean the periodicities of the motions are stronger. Theoretical differences between two trajectories expressed as summations of trigonometric functions are also derived analytically. Trajectories in the Henon-Heiles system and the circular restricted three-body problem (CRTBP) are analyzed with the indicator entropy and compared with orthogonal fast Lyapunov indicator (OFLI). The results show that entropy is a better tool for discriminating periodicity in quasiperiodic trajectories than OFLI and can detect periodicity while excluding the spirals that are judged as periodic cases by OFLI. Finally, trajectories in the vicinity of 243 Ida and 6489 Golevka are considered as examples, and the numerical results verify these conclusions. Some trajectories near asteroids look irregular, but their higher entropy values as analyzed by this method serve as evidence of frequency regularity in three directions. Moreover, these results indicate that applying DFT to the trajectories in the vicinity of irregular small bodies and calculating their entropy in the frequency domain provides a useful quantitative analysis method for evaluating orderliness in the periodicity of quasi-periodic trajectories within a given time interval.


quasi-periodic trajectories entropy quality evaluating 

PACS number(s)

02.70.Hm 96.25.De 96.25.Nc 96.30.Ys 


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanshuo Ni
    • 1
  • Konstantin Turitsyn
    • 2
  • Hexi Baoyin
    • 1
  • Li Junfeng
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Aerospace EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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