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All-carbon hybrids for high-performance electronics, optoelectronics and energy storage

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The family of carbon allotropes such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene, with their rich chemical and physical characteristics, has attracted intense attentions in the field of nanotechnology and enabled a number of disruptive devices and applications in electronics, optoelectronics and energy storage. Just as no individual 2D (two-dimensional) material can meet all technological requirements of various applications, combining carbon materials of different dimensionality into a hybrid form is a promising strategy to optimize properties and to build novel devices operating with new principles. In particular, the direct synthesis of 2D or 3D (three-dimensional) sp2-hybridized all-carbon hybrids based on merging CNTs and graphene affords a great promise for future electronic, optoelectronic and energy storages. Here, we review the progress of all-carbon hybrids-based devices, covering material preparation, fabrication techniques as well as applied devices. Recent progress about large-scale synthesis and assembly techniques is highlighted, and with many intrinsic advantages, the all-carbon strategy opens up a highly promising approach to obtain high-performance integrated circuits. Moreover, this review will discuss the remaining challenges in the field and provide perspectives on future applications.


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This work was supported in part by National Key R&D Program of China (Grant Nos. 2018YFB2200500, 2017YFA0206304), National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2014CB921101), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61775093, 61427812), National Youth 1000-Talent Plan, ‘Jiangsu Shuangchuang Team’ Program, and Jiangsu NSF (Grant No. BK20170012).

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Correspondence to Shuchao Qin or Fengqiu Wang.

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Qin, S., Liu, Y., Jiang, H. et al. All-carbon hybrids for high-performance electronics, optoelectronics and energy storage. Sci. China Inf. Sci. 62, 220403 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-019-2676-x

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  • all-carbon hybrids
  • electronics
  • optoelectronics
  • energy storage
  • graphene
  • carbon nanotube